Page:A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages-Volume I .pdf/530

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Although in principle confiscation was an affair of the State, the division of the spoils did not follow any invariable rule. Before the organization of the Inquisition, when the Waldenses of Strassburg were burned, it is mentioned that their forfeited property was equally divided between the Church and the secular authorities. Lucius III., as we have just seen, endeavored to turn the forfeitures to the benefit of the Church. In the papal territory there could be little question as to this, and Innocent IV., in his bull Ad extirpanda of 1252, showed disinterestedness in devoting the whole proceeds to the stimulation of persecution. One third w^as given to the local authorities, one third to the officials of the Inquisition, and one third to the bishop and inquisitor, to be expended in the assault on heresy — provisions which were retained in the subsequent recensions of the bull by Alexander IV. and Clement IV., while forfeited bail went exclusively to the inquisitor. Yet this was speedily held to refer only to the independent states of Italy, for, in 1260, we find Alexander IV. ordering the inquisitors of Rome and Spoleto to sell the confiscated estates of heretics and pay over the proceeds to the pope himself; and a transaction of 1261 shows Urban IV. collecting three hundred and twenty lire from some confiscations at Spoleto.[1]

At length, both in the Eoman province and elsewhere throughout Italy, the custom settled down to a tripartite division between the local community, the Inquisition, and the papal camera, the reason for the latter, as given by Benedict XI., being that the bishops appropriated to themselves the share intrusted to them for the persecution of heresy. In Florence a transaction of 1283 shows this to be the received regulation ; and documents of various dates during the next half -century indicate that it was the custom of the republic to appoint attorneys or trustees to take seisin of confiscated property in the name of the city, which in 1319 liberally granted its share for the next ten years to the construction of the church of Santa Beparata. That the amounts were not small may be guessed from a ^i-etition of the inquisitors to the republic in 1299, setting forth that the Holy Office must have funds wherewith

  1. Hofiinann, Geschichte der Inquisition, II. 370. — Lucii PP. III. Epist. 171. — Innoc. PP. IV. Bull. Ad extirpanda^ % 34. — Ejusd. Bull, per extirpatione, 30 Mai. 1254 (Ripoll, I. 247). — Alex. PP. IV. Bull. Discretioni (Mag. Bull. Rom. 1. 120). — Potthast No. 18200.