Page:A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages-Volume I .pdf/576

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Christ and his mother the most holy Virgin and the Christian name, after which they were to be solemnly burned. This is the only case of execution occurring during Bernard Gui's term of service as inquisitor, and, from two carts being required to accommodate the obnoxious books, it was probable the result of search continued for a considerable time. That he deemed the matter to require constant vigilance is shown by his including in his collection of forms one which orders all priests for three Sundays to publish an injunction commanding the delivery to the Inquisition, for examination, of all Jewish books, including "Talamuz," under pain of excommunication. The warfare against this specially obnoxious work continued. In the very next year, 1320, John XXII. issued orders that all copies of it should be seized and burned. In 1409 Alexander V. paused in his denunciation of rival popes to order its destruction. The contest is well known which arose over it at the revival of letters, with Pfefferkorn and Reuchlin as the rival champions, and not all the efforts of the humanists availed to save it from proscription. Even as late as 1554 Julius III. repeated the command to the Inquisition to burn it without mercy, and all Jews were ordered, under pain of death, to surrender all books blaspheming Christ - a provision which was embodied in the canon law and remains there to this day. The censorship of the Inquisition was not confined to Jewish errors, but its activity in this direction will be more conveniently considered hereafter.[1]

  1. Sozomen. H. E. II. 20.-Constt. vi.; xvi. 1, Cod. I, 5.-Auth. Novel CXLVI. e. 1-Rigord. de Gest. Phil. Aug. ann. 1210.-Petri Yenerab. Tract. contra Judreos c. iv.-D'Argentré, Collect. Judicior. de nov. Erroribus I. I. 132, 146 56, 849-Potthast. No. 10759, 10767, 11376.-Ripoll, I, 487-88.-Pelayo, Hetero doxos Espaioles, I. 509.-Col. Doat, XXXVI. 125, 246.-IIarduin. Concil. VII 485.-S. Martial. Chron, ann, 1300 (Bouquet, XXI. 818).-Lib. Sententt. Inq Tolos. pp. 273-4.-Bern. Guidon. Practica (Doat, XXIX. 240).-Raynald. ann 1320, No. 28.Wadding. ann. 1409, No. 12.-C. 1 in Septimo v. 4
    In the Paris condemnation of 1348 the Talmud only is spccified, though in the examination mention is made of the Gloss of Solouon of Troyes, and of a work which from its description would seem to bo the Toldos Jeschu, or history of Jesus, which so excited the ire of the Carthusian, Ramon Marti, in his Pugia Fidei, and of all subsequent Christians (ef. Wagenseilii Tola Ignea Satane, Altdorfi, 1681). No one can read its cnrious account of the career of Christ from a Jewish standpoint without wondering that a single copy of it was allowed to reach modern times.