Page:A handbook of the Cornish language; Chiefly in its latest stages with some account of its history and literature.djvu/90

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71
THE INITIAL MUTATIONS

Occasionally in a few words F changes in the second state to F, and in one case to H. S rarely changes to Z. There is one change of D to N (like what is called the nasal mutation in Welsh). This is in the word dôr, earth, which after the article an is nôr.

In the following tables cases of the use of mutations are shown. It is to be noted that e, his, is one of the words which govern the second state, and ow, my, the third state, and agan, our, the first state, while the particle ow of the present participle governs the fourth state.

Examples of the use of the first, second, and third states:

  First State. Second State. Third State.
Tenues Agan Pen, our head e ben, his head ow fen, my head
Agan Car, our friend e gar, his friend ow har, my friend
Agan Tâs, our father e dâs, his father ow thâs, my father
Mediæ Agan Blew, our hair e view, his hair ow blew, my hair (no change)
Agan Gras, our grace e 'ras, his grace ow gras, my grace (no change)
Agan Golow, our light e wolow, his light ow golow, my light (no change
Agan Dên, our man e dhên, his man ow dên, my man (no change)
Agan Mab, our son e vab, his son ow mab, my son (no change)


Examples of the use of the fourth state:—

  First State. Fourth State.
Tenues Palas, to dig ow palas, digging (no change)
Cara, to love ow cara, loving (no change)
Kelmy, to bind ow kelmy, binding (no change)
Terry, to break ow terry, breaking (no change)
Mediæ Bewa, to live ow pewa, living
Gǒrra, to put ow cǒrra, putting
Gwelas, to see ow qwelas, seeing
Dôs, to come ow tôs, coming
Môs, to go ow môs, going (no change)