Page:Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography (1900, volume 5).djvu/233

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connection he maintained until his death. In 1834 he was deputed, with Rev. James Matheson, l>y the Congregational union of England and Wales, to visit the I'nited States and report on the condition <.!' religion and education in that country, and on hi- ivlimi he published, with Mr. Matheson, "Visit to the American Churches" (2 vols.. London, 1830), which made a valuable addition to English knowl- edge of American institutions and society. He founded in 1813 the London orphan asylum : in 1827, the Infant orphan asylum: in 1847,' the Asy- lum for fatherless children at Croydon : and subse- quently the Royal asylum for idiots, and the Royal hospital for incurables. He gave freely to these and other charities, but made it a principle through life never to receive in any form a recompense for his services in their behalf. At his death he left over 2,000 to the above and similar institutions. Besides his book on this country, he published " No Fiction " (London, 1818 ; 24th ed., 1860) ; " Martha " (183(5) ; " The Day of Pentecost," " The Revival of Religion," and " Earnest Piety essential to Emi- nent Usefulness " (1839) ; and " Advancement of Religion the Claim of the Times" (1847). See "Memoirs of the Life and Labors of Andrew Reed, D. D.," by his sons, Charles and Andrew (1863).

REED, David, editor, b. in Easton, Bristol co., Mass., 6 Feb., 1790; d. in Boston, Mass., 7 June, 1870. He was the son of Rev. William Reed, who was born in 1755, and had charge of the Congrega- tional church at Easton from 1784 until hi* death in 1809. David was graduated at Brown in 1S10, and for several years was principal of the Bridge- water, Mass., academy. He subsequently studied theology, and in 1814 was licensed to preach as a Unitarian clergyman. In 1821 he established at Boston the "Christian Register." an organ of that denomination, ami he continued to publish and edit it until 1866. From the outset Mr. Reed had the assistance, editorially and as contributors, of many of the ablest writers in the Unitarian denom- ination, and his journal exercised much influence. He was also a founder of the American anti-sla- very society in 1828.

REED, Horatio Blake, soldier, b. in Rock- away, L. I.. 22 Jan., 1837 : d. in Togus, Kennebec co., Me,, 7 March, 1888. He was educated at Troy polytechnic institute, and on 14 May, 1861, was commissioned 2d lieutenant in the 5th U. S. artil- lery. He took part in the battles of Bull Run (for which he was brevetted 1st lieutenant), Hanover Conrt-House, Mechanicsville, Gaines's Mills, Mal- vern Hill, and Manassas. He was also present at Antietam, where he was severely wounded. He was brevetted captain, 1 July, 1862, for the penin- sular campaign, and commissioned lieutenant, 19 Sept., 1863. The following October he was bre- vetted major for the skilful handling of his guns at Bristol Station, Va. The latter appointment was made at the special request of Gen. Gouver- neur K. Warren, who declared in his report that Capt. Reed had saved the day. From November. 1863, till April. 1864, he was acting assistant ad- jutant-general of the 1st brigade of horse artillery. In October, 1864, he was commissioned lieutenant- colonel of the 22d New York cavalry, having al- ready commanded the regiment at the crossing of the Opequan, and in the action at Lacey's Springs. He was promoted colonel in January, 1865, and commanded a cavalry brigade in the valley of Vir- ginia from May till August of that year under Gen. George A. Custer. On 13 March, 1865, he was brevetted lieutenant-colonel in the regular army for meritorious services during the war. On 8 May, 1870, he resigned from the army to become a civil engineer in the employ of a railroad through he Adirnndacks. N. Y., and he subsequently served in the Egyptian army.

REED, Hugh, soldier, b. in Richmond. Wayne 10., I nd.. 17 Aug.. 1850. He was graduated at the U. S. military academy in 1873, and promoted 2d lieutenant, 1st infantry, served on garrison and frontier duty, and was then attached to the signal service, being professor of military science and tac- tics in the signal-school at Fort Whipple (now Fort Myer), Va., in 1878-'9, at the Southern Illinois nor- mal university in Carbondale, 111., in 1880-'3, on garrison and frontier duty at Forts Apache and Lowell, Arizona, and San Diego, Cal., in 1883-'4. In 1881 he was appointed inspector-general on the staff of Gov. Albert G. Porter, of Indiana. Since 1884 he has been on leave of absence, owing to im- paired health from exposure on the plains. Lieut. Reed has invented a metallic shelving, using cast- iron shelves and gas-pipe supports, for which two patents have been issued, and has also invented a folding cash-box. He compiled " A Calendar of the Dakota Nation," which was printed in 1*T7. and included in the fourth annual report of the bureau of ethnology to the secretary of the Smith- sonian institution (Washington, 1886). and is the au- thor of " Signal Tactics " (Baltimore, 1880) ; " Cadet Regulations " (Richmond, Ind., 1881) ; Upton's " In- fantry Tactics," abridged and revised (Baltimore, 1882) ; " Artillery Tactics," abridged and revised (1882); "Military Science and Tactics" (1882); " Standard Infantry Tactics " (1883) ; and " Broom Tactics, or Calisthenics in a New Form " (1883).

REED, James, soldier, b. in Woburn, Middlesex co., Mass., in 1724; d. in Fitchburg, Mass., 13 Feb., 1807. He married in 1748 and settled in Brookfield, but subsequently removed to Lunenburg, Mass. He commanded a company in Col. Joseph Blanchard's regiment in the campaign against the French and Indians under Sir William Johnson in 1755, was with Gen. James Abercrombie at Ticonderoga in 1758. and served under Gen. Jeffrey Amherst in 1759. In the early days of the Revolution his military experience, energy, and commanding address made him unusually successful in securing recruits for the patriot cause. In 1705 he had settled in the town of Fitzwilliam, N. H., of which he was an original proprietor. In 1770 he was made lieutenant-colonel, and in May, 1775, was in command of the 2d New Hampshire regiment at Cambridge, and did good service at the battle of Bunker Hill, holding the rail-fence with John Stark, and protecting the retreat of the main body from the redoubt. Joining the army in Canada under Gen. John Sullivan early in 1776, his regiment suffered severely from disease, and more than one third died during the campaign. Before arriving at Ticonderoga on the retreat, Col. Reed was attacked by small-pox, and after a long illness rose from his bed incapacitated for further service. lie had meanwhile been appointed brigadier-general on the recommendation of Gen. Washington, and retained the commission in the hope that he might, be able again to take the field, but he was compelled to return home, nearly blind and deaf, and accepted half-pay. His son, Sylvannus, d. in 1798, served throughout the war, was adjutant in Gen. Sullivan's campaign of 1778, and afterward promoted colonel.

REED, John, clergyman, b. in Framingham, Mass., 11 Nov., 1751 : d. in West Bridgewater, Mass.. 17 Feb., 1831. He was the son of Solomon, mini-tcr .-it Middleborough, Mass., and was graduated at Yale in 1772. After studying theology and being licensed to preach, he was employed for two years as chaplain in the navy, although he