to Spain when very young, was educated in Madrid, entered the army as a military engineer, and took part in the war against Morocco. In 1862 he was appointed professor in the College of military engineers. In 1864 the government sent him to Denmark to report on the war between that country and Germany and Austria. In 1865 he returned to Cuba, where he superintended the construction of several important public works. He went back to Spain in 1874, in 1879 he was elected to represent his native city in the Spanish cortes, and he has since been an active member of the Cuban Liberal home-rule party in that body. He also assisted to bring about the abolition of slavery in the Spanish West Indies. He has published “Tratado de Arquitectura”; “Estudios de Organizaciones militares extranjeras”; “Descripcion de varias plazas de guerra”; and “Empleo del hierro en las fortificaciones.”
PORY, John, pioneer, b. in England about 1570; d. in London in Sept., 1635. He was educated at Cambridge, and in 1612 was a resident of Paris. During 1619-'21 he was secretary of the Virginia colony, and he was elected speaker of the first representative assembly that was ever held in this country, which convened in Jamestown on 30 July, 1619. He visited Plymouth, Mass., shortly after its settlement by the Pilgrims from Leyden, but in 1623 returned to Virginia as one of the commissioners to inquire into the condition of affairs. He assisted Hakluyt in his geographical work, and was considered a man of great learning. His account of excursions among the Indians is given in Smith's “Generall Historie,” and he translated and published “A Geographical Historie of Africa by John Leo, a More, borne in Granada and brought up in Barbarie” (London, 1600).
POSADAS, Gervasio Antonio, Argentine statesman, b. in Buenos Ayres, 19 June, 1757; d. there, 2 July, 1832. He studied law, and for several years was employed in the Spanish administration, but when independence was proclaimed, 25 May, 1810, he took an active part in the patriotic movement. Soon he became the chief of the Centralization party in opposition to the Federal, and when in 1813 the constituent assembly abolished the executive junta, he was appointed, 26 Jan., 1814, supreme director of the Argentine Republic. He created the provinces of Entrerios, Tucuman, and Salta, and was active in forwarding re-enforcements to the army in the Banda Oriental, and, on 22 June, Montevideo was captured by Gen. Alvear. His conservative ideas caused him to send, in December of that year, a secret mission to Europe, for the purpose of obtaining a protectorate or a monarch from England or some other European nation, as he did not think his country ripe for a republic. His intentions became known, and there were several insurrections. Posadas, not feeling himself strong enough to resist, resigned, 9 Jan., 1815, and after the accession of Rosas and the adoption of the Federal system he was often persecuted.
POSEY, Carnot, soldier, b. in Wilkinson county, Miss., 5 Aug., 1818; d. in Charlottesville, Va., 13 Nov., 1863. He served in the Mexican war as a lieutenant of rifles under Jefferson Davis, and was wounded at Buena Vista. He became colonel of the 16th Mississippi regiment on 4 June, 1861, and was appointed brigadier-general in the Confederate army, 1 Nov., 1862. His brigade was composed of four Mississippi regiments of infantry, and formed part of Anderson's division of Ambrose P. Hill's corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. Gen. Posey received wounds at Bristoe Station, Va., 14 Oct., 1863, from the effects of which he died.
POSEY, Thomas, soldier, b. in Virginia, on the banks of Potomac river, 9 July, 1750; d. in Shawneetown, Ill., 19 March, 1818. He received a common-school education, and in 1769 removed to western Virginia. In 1774 he became quartermaster of Andrew Lewis's division of Lord Dunmore's army, and took part in the battle with the Indians at Point Pleasant on 10 Oct. of that year. A year later he was one of the committee of correspondence, and was commissioned captain in the 7th Virginia Continental regiment. In this capacity he was present at the engagement at Gwynn's island on 8 July, 1776, where Lord Dunmore (q. v.) was defeated. He joined the Continental army at Middlebrook, N. J., early in 1777, and was transferred, with his company, to Daniel Morgan's celebrated rifle-corps, with which he took part in the action with the British light troops at Piscataway, N. J. Capt. Posey was then sent to Gen. Horatio Gates, and rendered efficient service in the two battles of Bemis Heights and in that of Stillwater. In 1778 he was commissioned major, and led the expedition against the Indians in Wyoming valley in October of that year. He was given the 11th Virginia regiment early in 1779, but soon was transferred to the command of a battalion in Col. Christian Febiger's regiment under Gen. Anthony Wayne; and, at the assault of Stony Point, he was one of the first to enter the enemy's works. Subsequently he served in South Carolina, and was present at the surrender of Yorktown. He then organized a new regiment, of which he took command with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and served under Gen. Wayne in Georgia until the surrender of Savannah. When he was surprised by the Indians under Gueristersigo on the night of 23 June, 1782, he rallied his men and led them to the charge with great bravery and skill, defeating the enemy with loss. At the close of the war he settled in Spottsylvania county, Va., and in 1785 he was made colonel of the county militia, becoming also county lieutenant and magistrate in 1786. These offices he held until 1793, when, on 14 Feb., he was commissioned brigadier-general, and served under Gen. Wayne in his campaigns against the Indians in the northwest, resigning on 28 Feb., 1794. He then settled in Kentucky, where he was elected a member of the state senate, and chosen speaker in 1805-'6, becoming thereby ex-officio lieutenant-governor of the state. In 1809, when war was threatening between France and England and the United States, Gen. Posey was commissioned major-general and given charge of the organization and equipment of the Kentucky forces. Soon afterward he removed to Louisiana, and during the second war with England he raised a company of infantry in Baton Rouge, and was for some time its captain. He was appointed U. S. senator from Louisiana, and served from 7 Dec., 1812, till 5 Feb., 1813. On the completion of his term he was appointed governor of Indiana territory, and continued as such until its admission into the Union, when he became a candidate for the governorship, but was defeated. His last office was that of Indian agent, which he held at the time of his death.
POST, Christian Frederick, missionary, b. in Polish Prussia in 1710; d. in Germantown, Pa., 29 April, 1785. He came to Pennsylvania in 1742, and between 1743 and 1749 was a missionary to the Moravian Indians in New York and Connecticut. He returned to Europe in 1751, and thence was sent to Labrador, but afterward he came again to Pennsylvania, and was again employed in the Indian missions. In 1758 he undertook an embassy in behalf of the province to the Delawares and