Page:Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography (1900, volume 5).djvu/405

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who had assumed command at Port au Prince. On his arrival in the capital. Salnave was tried and sentenced to death by a court-martial on charges of bloodshed and treason, and was immediately executed on the steps of the ruined palace.

SALOMON, Frederick, soldier, b. near Halberstadt, Prussia, 7 April, 1826. After passing through the gymnasium, he became a government surveyor, later a lieutenant of artillery, and in 1848 a pupil in the Berlin school of architecture. Emigrating soon afterward to the United States, he settled in Manitowoc, Wis., as a surveyor. He was for four years county register of deeds, and in 1857-'9 chief engineer on the Manitowoc and Wisconsin railroad. He entered the volunteer service in the spring of 1861 as a captain in the 5th Missouri volunteers, and served under Gen. Franz Sigel, being present at Wilson's Creek. After the three-months' term of service had expired he was appointed colonel of the 9th Wisconsin infantry, which he commanded in the southwest until he was made a brigadier-general, 16 June, 1862, and assigned to the command of a brigade in Kansas. On 30 Sept. he made an unsuccessful attempt to capture Newtonia, Mo. He served through the war, receiving the brevet of major-general in March, 1865, and was mustered out on 25 Aug., 1865. Gen. Salomon was subsequently for several years surveyor-general of Utah territory, where he now (1888) resides. — His brother, Edward, b. near Halberstadt, Prussia, in 1828, came with him to this country, became a lawyer, was governor of Wisconsin in 1862-'3, and now practises in New York city. He has gained a high reputation as a political speaker, especially in the German language.

SALOMON, Haym, financier, b. in Lissa, Prussian Poland, about 1740; d. in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1785. He settled in Philadelphia some years before the Revolution as a merchant and banker, and succeeded in accumulating a large fortune, which he subsequently devoted to the use of the American government during the war for independence. He negotiated all the war subsidies obtained during that struggle from France and Holland, which he indorsed and sold in bills to American merchants at a credit of two and three months on his personal security, receiving for his commission one quarter of one per cent. He also acted as paymaster-general of the French forces in the United States, and for some time lent money to the agents or ministers of several foreign states when their own sources of supply were cut off. It is asserted that over $100,000 thus advanced have never been repaid. To the U. S. government Mr. Salomon lent about $600,000 in specie, and at his death $400,000 of this amount had not been returned. This was irrespective of what he had lent to statesmen and others while in the discharge of public trusts. His descendants have frequently petitioned for remuneration, and their claims have several times been favorably reported upon by committees of congress.

SALPOINTE, Jean Baptist, R. C. archbishop, b. in St. Maurice, France, 21 Feb., 1825; d. in Tucson, 16 July, 1898. He received his education in a school in Ajain, and subsequently studied the classics in the College of Clermont and philosophy and theology in the Seminary of Clermont Ferrand. He was raised to the priesthood on 20 Dec., 1851, and, after spending about eight years in parochial duties and as professor in the preparatory seminary of Clermont, he came to the United States in 1859, and was parish priest of Mora, N. M., until he was appointed vicar-general of Arizona in 1866. He was nominated vicar


apostolic of Arizona three years afterward, and consecrated by the title of bishop of Doryla in partibus on 20 June, 1869. His vicariate included Arizona, with part of Texas and New Mexico. He immediately set about building churches, organizing new congregations, and founding schools and hospitals. The number of priests had increased to eighteen when Dr. Salpointe was transferred to Santa Fé as coadjutor to Archbishop Lamy, and the churches had increased from about half a dozen to twenty-three, besides fifteen chapels. He succeeded Archbishop Lamy as archbishop of Santa Fé in 1885.

SALTER, Richard, clergyman, b. in Boston, Mass., in 1723; d. in Mansfield, Conn., 14 April, 1789. He was graduated at Harvard in 1739, studied medicine, and then theology, supplied a pulpit in Boston for some time, and on 27 June, 1744, was ordained pastor of the Congregational church at Mansfield, where he remained till his death. He gave to Yale college in 1781 a farm, which was sold for $2,000, for the purpose of promoting the study of Hebrew and other oriental languages. He was proficient in Greek, Hebrew, and other branches of scholarship. The degree of D. D. was conferred on him by Yale in 1782. He published an “Election Sermon” (1768), and began a “Commentary on the New Testament,” but abandoned his design, when the work was in great part written.

SALTER, William D., naval officer, b. in New York city in 1794; d. in Elizabeth, N. J., 3 Jan., 1869. He entered the navy as midshipman on 15 Nov., 1809, was attached to the frigate “Constitution” under Com. Isaac Hull during the action with the British frigate “Guerriere,” on 19 Aug., 1812, and was the last survivor of those who participated in that action. He became lieutenant on 9 Dec., 1814, was made master-commandant on 3 March, 1831, captain on 3 March, 1839, and commodore on the retired list on 16 July, 1862. He was in command of the Brooklyn navy-yard in 1856-'9, and in 1863 was on a commission to examine vessels, from which duty he was relieved in 1866.

SALTONSTALL, Sir Richard, colonist, b. in Halifax, England, in 1586; d. in England about 1658. He was a nephew of Sir Richard, who was lord mayor of London in 1597. The nephew was justice of the peace for the West Riding of Yorkshire and lord of the manor of Ledsham, near Leeds. He was one of the grantees of the Massachusetts company under the charter that was obtained from Charles I. On 26 Aug., 1629, Saltonstall, Thomas Dudley, Isaac Johnson, John Winthrop, and eight other gentlemen signed an agreement to pass the seas and to inhabit and continue in New England, provided that the patent and whole government of the plantation should be transferred to them and other actual colonists. The proposition was accepted by the general court of the company, which elected Sir Richard the first-named assistant of the new governor. He arrived with Gov. Winthrop in the “Arbella” on 22 June, 1630, and began, with George Phillips, the settlement of Watertown, but, owing to the illness of his two young daughters, who, with his five sons, had accompanied him, he returned with them and two of the sons to England in 1631, where he continued to display in all ways the greatest interest in the colony, and to exert himself for its advancement. He was one of the patentees of Connecticut, and sent out a shallop to take possession of the territory. The vessel, on the return voyage, was wrecked on Sable island in 1635. In 1644 he was sent as ambassador to Holland. A portrait that was painted by Rembrandt while he was there is reproduced in the illustration. He was one of