Page:Aristotelous peri psuxes.djvu/277

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CH. VII.] NOTES. 267


Note 1, p. 93. The visible is colour, &c] Aristotle[1] says that the faculty of Sight announces to us, dis-
tinguishes, that is, the manifold and various shades of colours, on account of all bodies partaking of colour, and thus by Sight, especially, we are able to perceive common properties, such as form, magnitude, motion and number; but the Hearing, on the contrary, is perceptive only of distinctions of sounds from sonorous bodies and the variations of voice from such as have speech[2]. The sense of "Hearing, however, contributes more than any other, since speech is the channel for instruction, to the cultiva-
tion of the understanding."

Note 2, p. 93. All colour is motive of the diaphanous, &c.] These passages seem almost to indicate a presenti-
ment of the modern or undulatory theory of light, for they assume the existence of a diaphanous, that is, a subtle medium which, by its motion, is creative of vision. So too, the modern theory assumes a subtle elastic ether, which has inertia without gravity, which fills space, per-
meates all bodies, and admits of being set in motion by the agitation of the particles of ponderable matter, and which particles, when set in motion, communicating a like

  1. De Sensu et Sens. I. 10.
  2. I. 11.