Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/1029

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ST ri J. E11. 4-18: Merchants‘ l\'at. Bank v. 32 Mo. App. 211: Hogan v. Pate,

l\‘ 7 17 L». Ed. 8114; Mutual L. Ins. Co. r. Arn . ll7 U. S. 591, 6 Sup. Ct. 877 ) . Dd , Wright v. First Nut. Bank, 30

I1 Hcudcrson l\"\t. Bank v. Alves, 91 R. H ‘I’ S. W. ll‘ Mclziin v. Redgood. Ga. 7‘) 15 S. E. GIO; m. v. Pirynn. Sn: it ‘I. (l'n.) SJ: 1"--uh ur v. National Fxch hall, -15 Ohio St. 133. 12 N. E. ii: Griswold r. snuer, 12.) IV‘. 1', all '0 N. E. -164: Lasnt- Lr ~r iii-~l \'|t. Raul: ('1ex. Civ. App.) 72 S. ]|'5l.—-Personal representnflves. This Um. in its mmmonlv :l(i(-ptecl scnse, means ex- eclmrs and administrators; but it may have n Iuivr meaning, according to the intention of IL‘ rsnn n. 1: it, and may include heirs, next d lun. di-seuulanis. :iSsi,.',nr‘eS. grantees. reu-lvin sad in! one In insolvency. See Gnsuold N. Y. -111. 26 N. E. 46}: W(-lls

1 lilvlne & I 40 : In re Wilcox & Howe Co., 7" l"nnn. 2130. 39 At]. lG.‘..—Rea1 representative. He who represents or stands in the plane of another, with respect to his real properly. IS 5: termed, in contradistinrtion to him who «nods in the place of another, with l't“..'ill‘d to bk pemonal property, and who is termed the "1:-rsonnl represent.-itive." Thus the heir ‘IS the rsql representative of his deceased ancestor. liroli-n.—Eepreseni:ative action or suit. A mun-vutnthe aziinu or suit is one brou-,:ht by a ~eht-r of a class of persons on behalf of hi elf and the other members of the class.

ll.u- pr--eerlings before judgment the plaintiff is, us a rule. dama'nu.s litis. (q. 42..) and may discon- linvm or compromise the action as he pleases. S|lcl.—“£px'elenI'.a.tiVe democracy. A form of government “here the powers of the sovereignty are delegated to a body of men. electcd from time to lime, wbo exencise them for the hum.-fit of the whole nation. 1 Bouv. Inst. no. 3i.—Representative peers. Those who, at ilic 1-ummcnrement of every new parliament, are elected to represent Scotland and Ireland in the I‘-rilish house of lords: sixteen for the former and twenty-eight for the latter country. Brown.

REPRIEVE. In criminal law. The With- drawing of a sentence of death for an interval or time, whereby the execution is suspended. 4 Bl. Comm. 304. And see Butler V. State, 97 Ind. 374: Sterling v. Drake. 29 Ohio St 460, 23 Am. Rep. 762: In re Buch- nnna. 146 I\'. Y. 264, 40 N. E. 883.

REPRIMAND. A public and formal censure or severe reproof, administered to a person in fault by his superior officer or by I body to which he hclongs. Thus, a member or a legislative body may be reprimanded by the presiding ofljcer, in pursuance of :1 vote of censure, for improper conduct in the house. So a military officer, in some cases, is pun- ished by »; reprimand administered by his commanding ofljcer, or by the secretary of Wilr.

REPRISALS. The forcibly taking a thing by one nation which belonged to an- other. in return or satisfaction for an injury

committed by the latter on the former. Vattel. h. 2. c. 18, s. 342. REPRISES. In English law. Dednctions

and duties which are yearly paid out of a manor and lands, as rent-charge, rent seek,



pensions, corrodies, annuities, etc., so that, when the clear yearly value of a manor is spoken of, it is said to be so much per annum ultra re1J1'i.sIz.s,—i1esides all 1‘Cpx'i'.\'es Cow- ell. See Delaware 8: H. Cnnol Co. v. Von Starch. 196 Pa. 102. 46 AH. 375.

Reprohatn pecunin liberat solventem. Money refuscil [the refusal of money tendered] relcascs him who pays, [or tenders it] 9 Coke. 70:1,.

REPROBATION. In ecclesi-istlcnl law The interposition of objections or exceptions 1 as, to the competency of witnesses. to the due execution of instruments offered in evidence and the like.

REPROBATOR, ACTION 0}‘. In Scotch law. An action or proceeding intended to convict a witness of perjury. to which the witness must be made a party. Bell.

REP-SILVER. In old records. Money paid by servlle tenants for exmnption from the customary duty of reaping for the lord. Cowell.

REPUBLIC. A commonwealth; a form of government which derives all its powers directly or indirectly from the general body of citizens, and in which the executive power is lodged in odieers chosen by and representing the people, and holding oihce for a limit. ed period, or at most during good behavior or at the pleasure of the people, and in which the legislative power may be (and in modern republics is) intrusted to u 1‘eplesentative assembly. See Federalist. No. 39: Re publlc of Mexico v. De Arnngoiz. 5 Duer (N. Y.) 636; State v. Harris, 2 Bailey (S. C.) 599.

weal, the whole organized political community, without reference to the form of government; as in the maxim interest relpu-lzlicw ut sit finis litiilm. C0. Lltl‘. 303.

REPUBLICAN GOVERNMENT. A government in the repnbllcan form; a government of the people; a gorernnleui; by rep- resentatives chosen by the people. See In re Dnnmn. 139 U. S. 449, 11 Sup. Ct. 573. 35 L. Ed. 219; Eckerson v. Des liloines, 137 Iowa, 452. 115 N. W. 177; Minor v. Hoppersett. 21 Wall. 175, 22 L. Ed. (S27; Kadderly v. Portland. 44 Or. 118, 74 Pac. 710.

REPUBLICATION. The re-execuiiou or re-establishment by a testator of a will which he had once revoked.

A second publication of a will. either expressly or by construction.

REPUDIATE. To put away, rejt-Ct, disclaim, or renounce I right, duty, obligation, or privilege.

In a wider sense, the state, the common.