Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/637

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"eoininon.” in this connection. does not uppenr to add anything to the common-law definition of an inn. except in so for as it lays stress on the [net that the house is for the entertainment of the geneial public or for all suitable persons who apply for accommodations.

INNAMIUM. In old English law. A pledge. INNAVIGABILITY. 1n insurance law.

The condition of being innavigulzle. (q. 1;.) The foreign writers distinguish "innnvlgabil1L)' from "shipwreck." 3 Kent. Comm. 3%, and note. 'l‘he term is also applied to the condition of streams which nre not large enough or deep enough, or are otherwise unsuited, for navigation.

INNAVIGABLE. As applied to streams, not capable of or suitable for navigation; impassable by ships or vessels.

As applied to vessels in the law of marine insurance. it means unfit for navigation; so damaged by niisndventures at sea as to be no longer capable of making a voyage. See 3 Kent, Comm. 323, note.

INNER BARRISTER. A serjeant or kings counsel, in England, who is admitted to plead within the bar.

INNER HOUSE. The name given to the chambers in which the first and second di- visions of the court of session in Scotland hold their sittings. See Ouma Hovsa.

INNINGS. In old records. Lands recovered from the sea by draining and banking. Cowell.

INNKEEPER. On who keeps an inn or house for the lodging and entertainment of travelers. The keeper of a common inn for the lodging and eiitcrtnliinient of travelers and passengers, their horses and attendants. for R reasonable compensation. Story. Bailm. § 475. One who keeps a tavern or coffee- house in which lodging is provided. 2 Steph. Comm 133. See Inn.

One who receives as guests all who choose to visil his house, without any previous agree- inent_as to the time of their stay, or the terms. His lia_ ' 't_v as Innkeeper ceases when his guest pays his bill, and leaves the house with the declared intention of not returning. notwith- slanding the guest leaves his bug,-ave behind giro. Winterniute v. Clark. 5 Sandf. (N. Y.) A .

INNOCENT. Free from guilt; acting in good faith and Without knowledge of lncii1n- liiatory circumstances, or of defects or ob- jections.

—Innocent agent. In criminal law. One who. being ignorant of any unlawful intent on the part of his principal. is merely the instru- ment of the guilty party ‘n1 emnniittinxz an offense: one who does an urilnvsfnl act at the solicitation or request of another, but who. from defrct of Iinderst.-inding or ignorance of the iurulpntnry facts. incurs no legal guilt. Smith v. State. 21 Tex. App. 107. 17 S. W. 552:



Shite v. Curr. 2S Or. 389. 4-2 Pac 215.—Innocent conveyances. A technical term of the English law of conveyancing. used to dtSlgnote such conveyances as may be made by a leasehold tenair without “urking a forfeiture. These are said to n-: lease and re-lease. bargain and sale, and. in case of a litc-tenant. a covenant to stand seised. See 1 Chit. Pr. 243. —Innoeent pllrclxaser. One who, by an hou- est contract or agreement. purchases property or acquires an interest |.ll£'l'l in, without knoul edge, or means of knowledge sufficient to cli-irgu hlin in law with knowledge, of any inlirnnly in the title of the seller. Hanchett v. Kiinh-irl<_ tlll.) 2 N. E. 517; Gerson v_ Pool. 31 .-\rk. ill’): Ssggphons v. Olson. 62 Minn. 295, 64 N. W.

INNOMINATE. In the civil law. Not

named or classed: belonging to no specific class; ranking under a general hearL A term applied to those contracts for which no certain or precise remedy was appointed, but a general action on the case only. Dig. 2. 1. 4. 7. 2; Id. 19. 4. 5. —InnomInate contracts, literally, are the "uncl ed" contracts of Roman law. _ are c inc-ts which are neither re. vorbia, lituv ix. nor cnriacmii simply, but some mixture of or variation upon two or more of such contracts. They are principally the contracts of pcrmutatio. de azsttmuio. pwcarium, and trim- ear.-Iio. Brown.

INNONIA. In old English law. A close or inclosure. (olimsum. inclausura.) Spelman.

INNOTESCIIVIUS. Lat. We make known. A term formerly applied to letters patent. derived from the emphatic word at the conclusion of the Latin forms. It was a species or exemplification of charters of feofiinent or other instruments not of [‘E(‘0I'll. 5 Coke. 54o.

INNOVATION. In Scotch law. The ex- change of one obligation for another. so as to make the second obligation come in the place of the first, and he the only snbelsting obligation against the debtor. BelL The same with “novation," (g. 1:.)

INNOXIARE. In old English law. To purge one of a fault and make him innocent.

INNS OF CI-IANCERY. So called because ancienl.1_v inhabited by such clerks as chiefly studied the frai.uu.Ig of writs, which regularly belonged to the cursltors, who were officers of the court of chancery. There are nine of them.—Clement's, Clifford's, and Lyon's Ilin; Furnival's. Thames.’ and Sy- moil(l's Inn; New Inn: and Barnards and Staples‘ Inn. These were forinerly pre :ir:itory colleges for students. :iiid many entered them before they were admitted inlo the lnns of court. They consist chletly of SOll(l[OlS. and possess (.'DI‘]l(l1‘.lte property. liiill. L‘ll.il1l- hers, etc., but peiform no public funitloiis like the inns of court. Wharton

INNS OF COURT. These are certain pri- vate nnincoi1:oi':ited associations. in the nature of C0llc.,'izite houses, located in London.