a As in German Mann ā the preceding sound lengthened. æ like a in at, man. ǣ the preceding sound lengthened. e ${\displaystyle \scriptstyle {\left.{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right\}\,}}$ as in let, men ę ē the preceding sound lengthened, as in they. i as in hit, sit, in. ī the preceding sound lengthened, as in machine. o as in German Gott. ō the preceding sound lengthened, as in German so. ǫ as in not. u as in full, put. ū the preceding sound lengthened, as in rule. y like ü in German: hübsch, Brücke. ȳ the preceding sound lengthened, as in German grün. œ̄ like ö in German schön. ie ${\displaystyle \scriptstyle {\left.{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \\\ \\\ \\\ \\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right\}\,}}$ These diphthongs (long and short) receive the stress upon the first element; the second elements, being unaccented, is very much obscured in pronunciation. The sound of ea, ēa is approximately that of æ+a, ǣ+a (perhaps more nearly æ+uh); otherwise the component parts of these diphthongs are to be pronounced as indicated above. īe ea ēa eo ēo io īo