Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 17.djvu/518

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the temporal and the spiritual, the great principle Paul, Sisters of Mercy, Sisters of the Presentation, which flows from the Gospel and which in the Sisters of Charity of Notre Dame, and Sisters of past has renovated and to-day upholds the political Misericorde. llie latest statistics (1922) credit the and social spirit of the civilized worla. The diocese with 77 secular and 43 regular cler^, 25 con- Middle Ages founded the constitutional monarchy vents, 73. churches, 33 private chapels havmg Simday and representative government, both unknown to Mass, 43 elementary schools receiving Government antiquity, but whicn are indispensable conditions grants and 2 wiUiout grants, with 11,676 pupils, 11 for the political existence of moaem nations. Under other schools teaching 407 boys, 2 hospitals and 5 the shelter of these public liberties, which were residential institutions for poor children. The Cath- guaranteed by covenant between prince and subject, olic population is estimatea at 46,920. the Middle Ages gave impetus to all forms of

association, from the municipal corporation down Mlgnot, Exn>oxE-lR£Nite. See Albi, Abcb-

to the labor union, and bequeathed to us models niocssBOF.

to which, in spite of the storms of revolution, «»Ji«« * ,%j^ ' ,. t

humanity unceasingly turns for imitation. The ^ ^"V ^2SSV^^-^®^t ^^u IS^^^m^?^^' V* 1

art of the Middle Ages has become our art. The Si. ^'\ ^T^^^' "^* ^?i^^^l Northern, Italy,

name Gothic, which at firet was applied to the P? city of Milan, situated on the Olona nver is

architecture of the Middle Ages is a term of }^^ industrial center and, ^^ji. to Naples the

reproach, is now bestowed on our art as a title of I«;gest. city, with a nopulation of 663,000 in 1915.

glory, and to-day we draw inspiration from the T^^ ^'"^ "i ^^^- I'HTSest m Italy and the mort

monuments of the Middle Ages. The poets of the {^PS^*-,. ^K ^?t!T'^^ /^ universaUy be^

seventeenth and eighteenth centuries gloried in L'^I^oS^k*'^ ^o, "!? ^?5^^

their ignorance of the national poeti^ of the 1*^,? ^?^?,^^?^?^' T^k"?? ,!^ '^T^^^^^^^^^

Middle Ages; we love it, we admiie it, we have ^""^^^^ ^5*' f'^'^^L '^^5^*^P|^a ^u^S' ^'l

given it our undying all eition. ' i^j^^ """^Vi ^"^ i^S^ if ""^ ^^^%^?P ""^

T« «^ o«^ ^^*«-? -. u 11 ^ u J Milan: on 6 February, 1922, he was elected Pope,

fl,: M^HU A^^ ?«fT «^\ *^,?* >^® surpaoed t^j^ing the name of Plus XI. The Holy Father iSt

r^n J^&,f ? w?^!^ r^f^^^w® J*^^*^ * no time in providing his city of Milan ^th a pastor,

^?J^«hT*'^'^ cathedral than that of Reims, Mgr. Eugekio Tosif of the Oblates of St. cLrles

^vS^S' aI^h^ '??»!"^ T'^'^A ^^H *^^ ^"^ bom in BustoArei^io, diocese of Milan, 6 May, 1863

So^^r.^™^! ?K° *n ^"^h?^^- "^'^A^"" ^ PJ^?, elected bishop of Souillace 5 April, 1911, transferred

An S?^^^"l,*^^ I^antes I'Divma Commedia." ^o Andria 22 March, 1917, anS ti Milali in March,

All that we have— our religion and our political 1922 ideaa, our nationality ancf our language, our During the war 481 priests of the archdiocese were

aesthetics .fj[^d our social economy-all these con- ^ the army, 110 bs chaplains, 29 afl assistant chap-

nect us with the Middle A^es a?^ separate us from i^ins, 10 as officers, and 331 as soldiers; of these 9

antiquity. We are the heirs of the Middle Ag^; jied, 7 were wounded, 9 made prisoners, and 14

we continue their work. The Middle Ages are the decorated for valor; 300 seminarians served in the

P^"* *k 'J^^i younger years. They do not repre- ^rmy, 18 were killed, 5 were wounded and 27 were

sent the ideal perfection of society, they had defects taken prisoner. Ten churches were requisitioned by

peculiar to childhood. Without desiring a return the military authorities, 24 diocesan institutions

l2iS^ conditions then prevailing, we pnae the ^^ used as hospitals, 29 congregations of Sisters

Middle Ages as the time of our vigorous youth, a ggrved as nurses, committees for needs of war were

youth freely and proudly developed m the light formed in each parish, organizations were formed

and sunshine of the Gospel. When we pnde our- to assist refugees, institutions were opened for war

Its checkered courae towards the realization of ite end of the war the commander-in-chief solemnly

sublime ideal. The centuries of the Middle Ages praised the work of the clergy of the diocese and the

began the work, the modem centuries followed, archbishop was decorated.

and our age, heir of both, continues the task and Two recent institutions inaugurated in 1921 and

will hand down the work unfinished to future cen- both founded bv Cardinal Ferrari are the Catholic

^"J?^- -,. . ...^ University of the Sacred Heart and the "Ccwo del

J5i;:i!; S'^iiS^4e%^. ^ Popo/o" called L'OperaCard^^ The tot,

Points of History: KuBTH. L€$ OrigineM d* la Cxviuiatia!i the only one of its sort in Italy, IS lunited to the study

Modems. of philosophy and social sciences and is located in an

ViCTOB Day. ancient pcJace, has 52 professors, about 100 students,

with a great hall, laboratories, rich library, offices,

Middlesbrongli, Diocesb of (Mediobxtrgensis; chapel, etc. The second, started bv a xift of the

cf. C. E., X — 286a), comprises the North and East diocese to the cardinal at his episcopal Jubilee, follows

Ridings of York County, England, and the city of the activities of the Knights of Columbus, providing

York north of the Quae. The see is suffragan of all safe forms of social activities for the workers,

Liverpool and is at present filled by Rt. Rev. Richard artisans, students and clerks gathered to(;ether in the

Lacy, bom in Navan, England, in 1841, ordained in great metropolis which is the moral capital of Italy.

1867 and appointed 12 September, 1879. He is the Still in the course of formation on a vast site, at the

first bishop of the diocese, and was named an assistant present time (January, 1922) there has been started

at the pontificd throne 20 December, 1917. The a technical school, school for secretarial course, for

religious orders of men established in the diocese preparation of elementary teachers, technical school

include: Benedictines, Canons Regular of the Lateran. for daughters of workers, school of popular music.

Hospitallers of St. John of God, Jesuits, Marists, ana economical restaurant for students, workers, ana

Brothers of the Christian Schoo^ women: Sisters of clerks, a free emplo3rment bureau, a school for the

the Assumption, Dominicans, Canonesses Regular unemployed, free course in popular culture, a board-

of St. Augustine, Faithful Companions of Jesus, ing place for university students, and a daposcuoio

Ladiesof Mary, Poor Clares, Poor Sisters of Nazareth, for studente from high schools. Manv other activ-

Serietes, Sisters of Charity, Sisters of Charity of St. ities are to be started and the complete Casa will