taxation. The existing- tax laws on incomes and salaries were continued in force. Strong independence resolutions were unanimously passed, and a bill, apparently unneces sary, defined and provided for the punishment of conspir acy against the Confederate States. Nothing definite was done in making effective the employment of negroes.
The subject of negotiations for peace engrossed the attention of Congress, to a large degree, excluding other discussions. The President said in his message that "the disposition of this government for a peaceful solution of the issues which the enemy has referred to the arbitra tion of arms has been too often manifested and is too well known to need new assurances. But while it is true that individuals and parties in the United States have indicated a desire to substitute reason for force and by negotiation to stop the further sacrifice of human life and to arrest the calamities which now afflict both countries, the authorities who control the government of our enemies have too often and too clearly expressed their resolution to make no peace except on terms of our tinconditional submission and degradation, to leave us any hope of the cessation of hostilities until the delusion of their ability to conquer us is dispelled. * * * Peace is manifestly impossible unless desired by both parties to this war, and the disposition for it among our enemies will be best and most certainly evoked by the demonstration on our part of ability and unshaken purpose to defend our rights and to hold 110 earthly price too clear for their purchase. Whenever there shall be on the part of our enemies a desire for peace there will be no difficulty in finding means by which negotiations can be opened, but it is obvious that no agency can be called into action until this desire shall be mutual. When that contingency shall happen, the government to which is confided the treaty making power can be at no loss for means adapted for accomplish ing so desirable an end. In the hope that the day will soon be reached when under Divine favor these States