Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 10.djvu/162

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Library in the Queen's Road (see its Catalogue, p. 311) are, with other Chattertonian manuscripts, the holographs of ‘The Battle of Hastings’ and ‘The Tournament.’ At the Bristol Institution, in a glass case, is the poet's ‘Last Will and Testament.’

[Tyrwhitt’s Preface to Rowley's Poems. pp. vi-x. 1777; Broughton’s Preface to Chattterton's Miscellanies, pp. ix-xxiii, 1778; Croft's Love and Madness. pp. 90-1-10, 1780; Kippis's Biog. Brit. iv. 573-610, published separately as Gregory`s Life of Chatterton, 8 vo, pp. 263, 1789; Barrett`s Hist. of Bristol. 4to, pp. 626-47. 1789: Anderson's Brit. Poets, xi. 297-322, 1795: Horace Walpole's Works, 4to ed. iv. 234-43. 1798; Gardiner's Miscellanies in Prose and Verse. ii. 141-70, 1798; Davis's Life and Letters of Chatterton, 12mo, pp. 168. 1806; Chalmers English Poets, xv. 367-70, 1810; Britton’s Life, Character, and Writings of Chatterton, in Historical and Architectural Essay on Redcliffe Church, pp. 54-72. 1813; Evans’s Continuation of Corry's Hist. of Bristol. 4to, ii. 201-11, 1810; Walsh’s English Poets, xxix. 115-33, 1822; Bristol Memorialist, pp. 283-6. 1823; Cottle's Malvern Hills, Poems and Essays. i. -1-7, ii. 380-432, 1829; [)ix's Life of Chattterton, 8vo. pp. 336, 1837; Cottle’s Early Recollections of Coleridge and Southey. i. 256-74, 1837; Willcox`s Life of Chatterton prefixed to Chambridge ed. of his Works, i. xvii clxvii, 1842: Southey's Life and Correspondence, ii. 185. 186, 1850: Garrard's Life of Edward Colston, p. 480. 1852; Pryce's Canynges Family. pp. 275-317, 1854; Martin's Life of Chatterton prefixed to his Poems, pp. ix-xlvi, 1865; Wilson’s Life of Chatterton, pp. 328, 1869; Bell's Life of Chatterton prefixed to the Aldine ed. of his Poems. i. xiii-cvii. 1871; Masson's Chatterton: a Story of 1770, in Essays, pp. 178-315, 1875; Watts on Chatterton, in Ward's English Poets, iii. 400-8, 1880; George's New Facts relating to the Chatterton Family, pp. 15, 1883; also the voluminous William Cole MSS., and Haslewood's collection of cuttings and correspondance with George Dyer, passim both in the British Museum.]

C. K.

CHATTO, WILLIAM ANDREW (1799–1864), miscellaneous writer, only son of William Chatto, a merchant who died at Gibraltar in 1804, was born at Newcastle-on-Tyne on 17 April 1799. After a good education at a grammar school in the north, he entered into mercantile pursuits. and about 1830 acquired the business of his cousin, a wholesale tea-dealer, in Eastcheap, London. In 1834 he relinquished business to devote himself to literature, his first publibation being ‘Scenes and Recollections of Fly-fishing in Northumberland, Cumberland. and Westmoreland. by Stephen Oliver the younger, of Aldwark in Com. Ebor.,’ London. 1831. The following year he published ‘Rambles in Northumberland and on the Scottish Border by Stephen Oliver,’ and in 1836 ‘The Angler’s Souvenir, by P[ayne] Fisher, Esq., assisted by several eminent piscatory characters, with Illustrations by Beckwith and Topham,’ 2nd ed. 1871. His other works are: ‘A Treatise on Wood Engraving, historical and practical,’ with 300 illustrations by John Jackson, 1830, 2nd ed. 1861, 3rd ed. 1877; ‘A Third Preface to a Treatise on Wood Engraving,' 1839; ‘History and Art of Wood Engraving,’ 1848: ‘Gems of Wood Engraving from the “Illustrated London News,” ’ 1848: ‘Views of Ports and Harbours on the English Coast, engraved by W. and E. Finden, the text. by W. A. C.,’ London, 1838, 2nd ed. 1874; ‘A Paper:—of Tobacco,’ by ‘Joseph Fume,’ with illustrations by ‘Phiz,’ London, 1830: ‘Love Letters of Hester Lynch Piozzi to W. A. Conway,’ 1843; and ‘Facts and Speculations on the Origin and History of Playing Cards,’ 1848. He also wrote ‘The Old English Squire,' a song by Stephen Oliver, the music by W. Blake, illustrated by H. K. Browne (‘Phiz’), 1838. He was editor in 1830-4l of the ‘New Sporting Magazine,’ and in 1844 projected a penny daily comic illustrated paper entitled: ‘Puck, a journalette of Fun.’ For this paper which he edited with considerable skill, he secured the services of several able contributors, including Tom Taylor, afterwards editor of ‘Punch,’ but it was found that there was not sufficient demand for a daily comic paper, and it had only a brief existence. In 1839 Chatto was elected an honorary member of the Antiquarian Society of Newcastle-on-Tyne. He died in the Charterhouse, 28 Feb. 1864, and was buried in Highgate cemetery. His epitaph, by his lifelong friend, Tom Taylor, describes him as a ‘true-hearted and upright man.’ By his with, Margaret, daughter of Luke Birch of Cornhill, London, he had five sons (of whom the third, Andrew, became a member of the publishing firm of Messrs. Chatto & Windus) and three daughters.

[Gent. Mag. 3rd ser. xvi. 538; information from Mr. Andrew Chatto, of Messrs. Chatto & Windus; Brit. Mus. Cat]

T. F. H.


CHAUCER, GEOFFREY (1340?–1400), poet, was born, according to the date accepted until recent years, in 1328. This date, now rejected, seems to have' been first given by Speght, who published an edition of Chaucer's works in 1508. Of Speght;s authority nothing is known; but it is plausibly conjectured that the assertion was merely a guess of his own, founded on the statement, no doubt correct,