Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 17.djvu/128

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been validated.
Edwards
Edwards
122

Cambridge, driven there, it would seem, by his need of books, and busy with his pen. In 1699 he took the degree of D.D., and until the close of his long life, which occurred on 16 April 1716, devoted himself to study and to the publication of theological works. He was loft a widower in 1701, and soon afterwards married Catherine Lane (niece of his first wife's husband), who survived until 1745. Edwards's reputation as a Calvinistic divine stands high. The writer of his memoir in the 'Biographia Britannica' says that 'by his admirers he was said to have been the Paul, the Augustine, the Bradwardine, the Calvin of his age.' While acknowledging his industry, learning, and fairness in controversy, it is scarcely necessary to add that such eulogy is extravagant. Out of the forty or more works which he published between 1690 and his death, one at least merits special notice, namely, the 'Socinians' Creed,' intended to controvert. Locke's 'Reasonableness of Christians, as declared in the Scriptures.' Hearne (Coll. i. Oxf. Hist. Soc.) says: 'I am told that Dr. John Edwards of Cambridge, author of "The Preacher" (which some say, though I think otherwise, is a very trite, silly book), has assumed to himself the honour of being author of "The Preservative against Socinianism," written by Dr. Jonathan Edwards, principal of Jesus College in Oxford.' It is likely enough that some confusion may have been made between two contemporary authors of the same name writing upon the same subject; but there seems no reason to believe that John Edwards was guilty of the charge alleged against him. His works are:

  1. 'The Plague of the Heart,' a sermon, Cambridge, 1665, 4to.
  2. 'Cometomantia: a Discourse of Comets [by J. E.?],' 1684, 8vo.
  3. 'A Demonstration of the Existence and Providence of God, from the Contemplation of the Visible Structure of the Greater and Lesser World,' 1600, 8vo.
  4. 'An Inquiry into Four Remarkable Texts of the New Testament [Matt. ii. 23, 1 Cor. xi. 14, xv. 29, 1 Peter iii. 19, 20],' Cambridge, 1692, 8vo.
  5. 'A Further Inquiry into certain Remarkable Texts,' London, 1692, 8vo.
  6. 'A Discourse on the Authority, Stile, and Perfection of the Books of the Old and New Testament,' 3 vols. 1693-5, 8vo.
  7. 'Some Thoughts concerning the several Causes and Occasions of Atheism, especially in the Present Age, with some brief Reflections on Sociniunism and on a late Book entituled "The Reasonableness of Christianity as delivered in the Scriptures," ' London, 1695, 4to.
  8. Socinianism Unmask'd,' London, 1696, 8vo.
  9. 'The Socinian Creed,' London, 1697, 8 vo.
  10. 'Brief Remarks on Mr. Whiston's new Theory of the Earth,' 1697, 8vo.
  11. 'A Brief Vindication of the Fundamental Articles of the Christian Faith, … from Mr. Lock's Reflections upon them in his "Book of Education,"' &c., 1697, 8vo.
  12. 'Sermons on Special Occasions and Subjects,' 1698, 8vo.
  13. 'πηλυποικλος εοψια, a Compleat History of all Dispensations and Metnods of Religion,' 2 vols. London, 1699, 8vo.
  14. 'The Eternal and Intrinsick Reasons of Good and Evil,' a sermon, Cambridge, 1699, 4to.
  15. 'A Free but Modest Censure on the late Controversial Writings and Debates of Mr. Edwards and Mr. Locke,' 1698, 4to.
  16. 'A Plea for the late Mr. Baxter, in Answer to Mr. Lobb's Charge of Socinianism,' 1699, 8vo.
  17. 'Concio et Determinatio pro gradu Doctoratus in Sacra Theologia,' Cantab., 1700, 12mo.
  18. 'A Free Discourse concerning Truth and Error, especially in matters of Religion,' 1701, 8vo.
  19. 'Exercitations … on several Important Places … of the Old and New Testaments,' 1702, 8vo.
  20. 'The Preacher, a discourse showing what are the particular Offices and Employments of those of that character in the Church,' 3 parts, London, 1705-7, 8vo.
  21. 'The Heinousness of England's Sins,' a sermon, 1707, 8vo.
  22. 'One Nation; one King,' sermon on the union of England and Scotland, 1707, 8vo.
  23. 'Veritas Redux: Evangelical Truths Restored,' 3 vols. London, 1707-8, 1725-6, fol. and 8vo.
  24. Sermon on War, 1708, 8vo.
  25. 'Four Discourses, … being a Vindication of my Annotations from the Doctor's [Whitby] Cavils,' 1710, 8vo.
  26. 'The Divine Perfections Vindicated,' 1710, 8vo.
  27. 'Great Things done for our Ancestors,' a sermon, 1710, 8vo.
  28. 'The Arminian Doctrines condemn'd by the Holy Scripture, in Answer to Dr. Whitby,' 1711, 8vo.
  29. 'A Brief Discourse [on Rev. ii. 4-5],' 1711, 8vo.
  30. 'Some Brief Observations on Mr. Whiston's late Writings,' 1712, 8vo.
  31. 'Some Animadversions on Dr. Clarke's Scripture-Doctrine of the Trinity,' 1712, 8vo.
  32. A supplement to the above, 1713, 8vo.
  33. 'Theologia Reformata,' 2 vols. 1713, fol.
  34. 'How to judge aright of the Former and Present Times,' accession sermon, 17 14, 4to.
  35. 'Some Brief Critical Remarks on Dr. Clarke's last papers,' 1714, 8vo.
  36. 'Some New Discoveries of the Uncertainty, Deficiency, and Corruptions of Human Knowledge, &c., 1714, 8vo.
  37. 'The Doctrines controverted between Papists and Protestants … Considered,' 1724, 8vo.
  1. 'A Discourse concerning the True Import of the words Election and Reprobation,' 1735, 8vo.

[Robinson's Reg. of Merchant Taylors' School; Wilson's Hist, of Merchant Taylors' School;