Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 29.djvu/109

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Roy. Geogr. Soc. 1853, xxiii. lxxii–iii. Lists of Jackson's writings are given in Roy. Soc. Cat. Scient. Papers under ‘Jackson, Julian R., F.R.S.,’ and in Brit. Mus. Cat. Printed Books, under ‘Jackson, John Richard, F.R.S.’]

H. M. C.

JACKSON, LAURENCE (1691–1772), divine, born on 20 March 1691, son of Laurence Jackson of London, entered Merchant Taylors' School on 12 March 1700–1, was admitted a pensioner of St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1709, and graduated B.A. in 1712. He migrated to Sidney Sussex College, of which he was elected a fellow, and commenced M.A. in 1716, proceeding B.D. in 1723. He became vicar of Ardleigh, near Colchester, 11 May 1723, rector of Great Wigborough, Essex, 25 April 1730, was collated to the prebend of Asgarby in the cathedral church of Lincoln 15 April 1747, and died on 17 Feb. 1772.

His works are: 1. Verses on the death of his ‘pious friend and schoolfellow,’ Ambrose Bonwicke the younger [q. v.], prefixed to Bonwicke's ‘Life,’ 1729, and reprinted in Nichols's ‘Literary Anecdotes,’ v. 154. 2. ‘An Examination of a Book intituled “The True Gospel of Jesus Christ asserted,” by Thomas Chubb, and also of his Appendix on Providence. To which is added A Dissertation on Episcopacy, shewing in one short and plain view the Grounds of it in Scripture and Antiquity,’ London, 1739, 8vo. The ‘Dissertation’ is reprinted in ‘The Churchman's Remembrancer,’ vol. ii., London, 1807, 8vo. 3. ‘Remarks on Dr. Middleton's Examination of the Lord Bishop of London's [T. Sherlock] Discourses concerning the Use and Intent of Prophecy. In a Letter from a Country Clergyman to his Friend in London,’ London, 1750, 8vo. 4. ‘A Letter to a Young Lady concerning the Principles and Conduct of the Christian Life,’ London, 1756, 8vo; 4th edit., London, 1818, 12mo. 5. ‘A Short Review and Defence of the Authorities on which the Catholic Doctrine of the Trinity in Unity is grounded,’ London, 1771, 8vo.

[Addit. MS. 5873, f. 8 b; Cantabrigienses Graduati, 1787, p. 211; Gent. Mag. xlii. 151, xlviii. 623; Le Neve's Fasti (Hardy), ii. 103; Morant's Essex, i. 421, 435; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. i. 418, v. 154; Robinson's Register of Merchant Taylors' School, ii. 4; Watt's Bibl. Brit.]

T. C.

JACKSON, RANDLE (1757–1837), parliamentary counsel, son of Samuel Jackson of Westminster, was matriculated at Oxford 17 July 1789, at the age of thirty-two (Foster, Alumni Oxonienses). A member first of Magdalen Hall, afterwards of Exeter College, he was created M.A. 2 May 1793. In the same year, on 9 Feb., he was called to the bar by the Middle Temple (Foster; the Georgian Era, ii. 548, says by Lincoln's Inn). He was admitted ad eundem at the Inner Temple in 1805, and became a bencher of the Middle Temple in 1828. Jackson won a considerable reputation at the bar, and acted as parliamentary counsel of the East India Company and of the corporation of London. Five or six of his speeches delivered before parliamentary committees or the proprietors of East India stock on the grievances of clothworkers, the prolongation of the East India Company's charter, &c., were printed. Jackson died at North Brixton 15 March 1837. Besides his speeches, Jackson published: 1. ‘Considerations on the Increase of Crime,’ London, 1828, 8vo. 2. ‘A Letter to Lord Henley, in answer to one from his Lordship requesting a vote for Middlesex, and with observations on his Lordship's plan for a reform in our Church Establishment,’ London, 1832, 8vo.

[Authorities cited; Gent. Mag. 1837, i. 544; Brit. Mus. Cat.]

J. T-t.

JACKSON, RICHARD (fl. 1570), ballad-writer, matriculated from Clare Hall, Cambridge, 25 Oct. 1567, proceeded B.A. 1570, and was shortly afterwards appointed master of Ingleton school, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The authorship of the well-known ballad on the battle of Flodden Field, supposed to have been written about 1570, has been generally ascribed to him, either on the ground of vague tradition or from the fact that Ingleton borders on the Craven district, in the dialect of which the poem is written. Apart from its historical interest the ballad is valuable as a spirited example of early alliterative poetry. We gather from the opening lines that the author was no novice at ballad-writing, while the partiality constantly shown for the house of Stanley and the Lancastrian forces seems to indicate some connection between the author and the Stanley family.

The earliest existing manuscript of the ballad is in Harl. MS. 3526, with a long title commencing ‘Heare is the famous historie in songe called Floodan Field;’ it bears no date, but was probably written about 1636. The first printed edition was published under the title of ‘Floddan Field in nine Fits, being an exact History of that Famous Memorable Battle fought between the English and Scots on Floddan-Hill, in the time of Henry the Eight, Anno 1513. Worthy of the Perusal of the English Nobility,’ London, 12mo, 1664. In the copy of this edition at Bridgewater House there is a manuscript note by Sir Walter Scott to the effect that ‘this old copy is