G. P. M. 
George Percival Mudge, A.R.C.S., F.Z.S.
 Lecturer on Biology, London Hospital Medical College, and London School of Medicine for Women.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Albino. 
G. W. B. 
George Willis Botsford, A.M., Ph.D.
 Professor of History of Greece and Rome in Columbia University, New York. Author of The Roman Assemblies; &c.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Amphictyony. 
G. W. T. 
Rev. Griffithes Wheeler Thatcher, M.A., B.D.
 Warden of Camden College, Sydney, N.S.W. Formerly Tutor in Hebrew and Old Testament History at Mansfield College, Oxford.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \\\ \\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Abul‛ala; Abul‛Atahiya; Abulfaraj; Abulfeda;
AbulQasim; Abu Nuwas;
Abu Tammam; Abu Ubaida; Akhtal; Alqama Ibn ‛Abada; Amru’ulQais. 
H. B. Wo. 
Horace Bolingbroke Woodward, F.R.S., F.G.S.
 Formerly Assistant Director of the Geological Survey of England and Wales. President Geologists' Association, 18931894. Wollaston Medallist, 1908.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Agassiz, J. L. R. 
H. Ch. 
Hugh Chisholm, M.A.
 Formerly Scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Editor of the 11th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica; coeditor of the 10th edition.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Acton, Lord; Agnosticism; Albert, Prince Consort. 
H. C. C. 
Herbert Challice Crouch, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.
 Anaesthetist and Teacher of Anaesthetics at St Thomas's, Samaritan and French Hospitals, London.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Anaesthesia. 
H. M. R. 
Hugh Munro Ross.
 Formerly Exhibitioner of Lincoln College, Oxford. Editor of the Times Engineering Supplement. Author of British Railways.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Alchemy. 
H. M. V. 
Herbert M. Vaughan, F.S.A.
 Keble College, Oxford. Author of The Last of the Royal Stuarts; &c.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Albany, Countess of. 
H. P. J.* 
Henry Phelps Johnston.
 Author of Loyalist History of the Revolution; The Yorktown Campaign; &c.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
American War of Independence: Land Operations. 

$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Advertisement. 
H. S.K. 
Sir Henry SetonKarr, C.M.G.
 Member for St. Helen's, 18851906. Author of The Call to Arms.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Ammunition: Small Arms. 
H. S. J. 
Henry Stuart Jones, M.A.
 Formerly Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford. Director of the British School at Rome, 19031905. Author of The Roman Empire .


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Amphitheatre. 

$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Alps: Flora and Fauna. 

$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Ælred; Alredus; Ambrose. 
H. W. H. 
Hope W. Hogg, M.A.
 Professor of Semitic Languages and Literatures in the University of Manchester.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Anah. 
H. W. S. 
H. Wickham Steed.
 Correspondent of The Times at Rome (18971902) and Vienna.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Amedeo, Ferdinand, of Savoy. 

$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Afghanistan: History. 

$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Admiralty Jurisdiction: United States. 
J. A. E. 
James Alfred Ewing, C.B., LL.D., F.R.S., M.Inst.C.E.
 Director of (British) Naval Education, 1903. Hon. Fellow of King's College, Cambridge. Professor of Mechanism and Applied Mechanics in the University of Cambridge; 18901903.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
AirEngine. 
J. A. F. 
John Ambrose Fleming, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.
 Pender Professor of Electrical Engineering in the University of London. Fellow of University College, London. Formerly Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge, and University Lecturer on Applied Mechanics. Author of Magnets and Electric Currents.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Amperemeter. 
J. A. H. 
John Allen Howe, B.Sc.
 Curator and Librarian at the Museum of Practical Geology, London.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Albian. 

$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Alexius I. to III. 
J. D. B. 
James David Bourchier, M.A., F.R.G.S.
 Correspondent of The Times in SouthEastern Europe. Officer of the Order of St Alexander of Bulgaria.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Albania;
Alexander of Bulgaria. 
J. D. Pr. 
John Dyneley Prince, Ph.D.
 Professor of Semitic Languages at Columbia University, N.Y. Took part in the Expedition to Southern Babylonia, 188889.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Akkad. 
J. F.K. 
James FitzmauriceKelly, Litt.D., F.R.Hist.S.
 Fellow of the British Academy. Gilmour Professor of Spanish Language and Literature in the University of Liverpool. Norman MacColl Lecturer in the University of Cambridge. Knight Commander of the Order of Alphonso XII. Author of A History of Spanish Literature.


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Acosta, J. de;
Alarcon, J. R. de;
Alarcon, P. A. de;
Aleman; Amadis de Gaula. 

$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Adams, C. F. 
J. G. C. A. 
John George Clark Anderson, M.A.
 Student, Censor and Tutor of Christ Church, Oxford. Craven Fellow, 18961 Formerly Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford,


$\scriptstyle {\left\{{\begin{matrix}\ \\\\\ \ \end{matrix}}\right.}$ 
Ancyra. 