Page:Folk-lore - A Quarterly Review. Volume 14, 1903.djvu/209

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[The manor and castle of Duffield, situated in the Forest or Frith of Duffield, were held at the date of Domesday Book by Henry de Ferrers, ancestor of the Ferrers, Earls of Derby; the last of whom forfeited his estates in the Barons' Wars, 1266, after which they became part of the royal Duchy of Lancaster. Duffield was an immense Saxon parish; the church of which is mentioned in Domesday, and has, says Dr. J. C. Cox (Churches of Derbyshire, iii., 133), "the interesting and rare dedication to St. Alkmund; but certain modern directories have ascribed it to All Saints; and the mistake has unfortunately gained currency in the district." Kedleston, which "marches" with Duffield, was granted by Henry de Ferrers shortly after the Conquest to Richard de Curzon, the lineal ancestor of the present owner, Lord Scarsdale. Kedleston Church, a very small cruciform building, was probably built by the first Curzon, temp. Henry I., and is dedicated to All Saints (Cox, op. cit.). Kedleston Park is not mentioned in Shirley's Deer Parks. It is a remarkable thing that the Duffield men should have made Kedleston Wake-day (which the first Sunday in November would be) the occasion of hunting in Kedleston Park, even though only squirrels were the object of the chase. Cf. Miss Peacock on the shooting-rights annually claimed in Lincolnshire (ante, p. 89); and the license to take wood claimed by the Oxfordshire bonfire-builders (pp. 174, 176). The uncommon armorial bearings of the Curzons, argent, on a bend sable, three popinjays or, collared gules, with a popinjay as crest, may be noted. Can local correspondents add any further particulars? a, as to the date of the enclosure of Kedleston Park and the terms of the grants to the Curzons (N.B., the Survey of Woods and Forests in Duffield Frith, 2 Eliz., may be seen in the Record Office); b, as to the circumstances of any of the squirrel-hunts noted by Mr. N. W. Thomas, Folk-Lore, xi., 251, or of others; c, as to hiring-customs with reference to the dates of these hunts, which could only take place when a number of the men of the district happened to be making holiday. Mr. Jewitt's communication also seems to call for evidence as to effigy-burning in the Celtic parts of our islands.—Ed.]

In South Notts when I was young we used always to have a Guy as well as a bonfire, and what is true of our village applies also I believe to most of the villages round. We used sticks, straw, and what old clothes we could get, to make and dress the Guy, and if