Page:Folk-lore - A Quarterly Review. Volume 14, 1903.djvu/315

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Greek Votive Offerings. 289

With the dedication of poems by Hesiod, Alcaeus, &c. (p. 64), should be compared Pindar's hymn dedicated in the Libyan Ammonium (Paus. 9. 16. i.) For sacred oil given as a prize to athletes (p. 154) see also the gymnasi- arch's oil-basin represented on coins of Anazarbus, Coly- brassus, and Syedra {Brit. Mus. Cat. Gk. Coins, Lycaonia &c. pp. xxxiv., xxxvi). The name on the bronze quoit from Cephallenia (p. 160) should probably be read 'E^^crotSot, i.e. 'E^otSa(9), not Ei)crotSa(?), as I have shown in the Classical Review xiii. 78, At p. 165 Reisch's explanation of the small votive wheels found at Argos, Dodona, Lusi, and Olympia, viz., that they represent complete cars, is rightly rejected. But Dr. Rouse's own theory, viz. that they may have been a kind of currency (p. 390), is hardly more probable. Bertrand in his La Religion des Gaulois gave strong grounds for believing that the solar disc was often represented as a single wheel in gold or bronze or lead [ib. pi. xxii) : the "rota Solis " is mentioned in the myth of Prometheus (Serv. eel. 6. 42) and figured on coins of Mesembria. It is possible, therefore, that some or all of these votive wheels may be solar in character. Dr. Rouse refuses (p. 191 n. 8) to identify the inscribed basis C./.A. i. 335, which still stands on the Acropolis, with that of the statue dedicated to Athena Hygieia by Pericles, on the ground that the former was set up by the Athenian people, the latter by Pericles himself. This is a point which deserves careful consideration at the hands of our topo- graphers, who accept the identification as beyond dispute (i'.^. Frazer, Pausanias ii. 277 ff. ; E. Gardner, Ancient Athens p. 244 f ; Miss J. Harrison, Monuments and Mythology p. 389 ff). In the chapter on " Domestic Life " Dr. Rouse, relaxing his usual caution, admits one or two far-fetched explanations, e.g. that the gold figure of a baker-w^oman dedicated at Delphi by Croesus, whose life she had saved, was "his queen perhaps," her attitude having been mis- interpreted by the local authorities (p. 255), or that the so-

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