Page:Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar (1910 Kautzsch-Cowley edition).djvu/293

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i.e. doubtless גְּיָאוֹת), but in Qe, and all other passages, נֵּֽאָיוֹת. The uncontracted form (in the absol. st. with helping Ḥireq) remains also before ־ָה locale, e.g. בַּ֫יְתָה (but in the constr. st. e.g. בֵּ֫יתָה יוֹסֵף).—עִירֹה (from עַ֫יִר) Gn 4911 is peculiar, so also שִׁיתוֹ Is 1017 (from שַׁ֫יִת).—In the plural absol. uncontracted forms occur, like חֲיָלִים hosts, עֲיָנוֹת springs, עֲיָרִים young asses, תְּיָשִׁים he-goats, &c.; as constr. st. Pr 828 עִינוֹת for עֵינוֹת.

 [93w]  (c) With the contraction of the ו and י even in the absol. st. sing. (Paradigm i). In this way there arise formations which are unchangeable throughout; thus from the ground-form qăṭl: יוֹם (cf., however, §96), סוֹף, שׁוֹר, &c.; with middle Yôdh, חֵיל 1 Ch 913 (elsewhere חַ֫יִל), לֵיל Is 2111 (elsewhere לַ֫יִל, in prose לַ֫יְלָה, see above, §90f); from the ground-form qĭṭl, דִּין, שִׁיר, עִיר (see, however, §96); from the ground-form qŭṭl, גּוּר, רוּחַ &c. The plurals דְּוָדִים pots, שְׁוָקִים streets, שְׁוָרִים oxen, have a strong formation (but for חֲוָחִים 1 S 136 read חוֹרִים as in 1411). Finally, forms with a quiescent middle א also belong to this class, such as רֹאשׁ head (obscured from רָאשׁ=raʾš, see §96) and צֹאן sheep.

 [93x]  6. On Paradigm k: segholate forms from ל״ה stems. Besides the formations mentioned in §84ac, ε, like בֶּ֫כֶה, &c., and שָׂ֫חוּ Ez 475, with the original ו resolved, according to §24d (cf. the constr. plur. חַגְוֵי clefts, Ob 13, &c., and קַצְוֵי ends, ψ 4811, &c., where the ו becomes again a strong consonant,[1] from חֶ֫גֶו and קֶ֫צֶו or חָ֫גוּ and קָ֫צוּ), there occur also (a) commonly, of the ground-form qaṭl, forms like פְּרִי, בְּכִי, גְּדִי, לְחִי, צְבִי, אֲרִי, &c.; in pause פֶּ֫רִי, בֶּ֫כִי, לֶ֫חִי, צֶ֫בִי (cf. §29m), but אֲרִ֑י Ju 1418; with suffixes פִּרְיוֹ (attenuated from păryô), בִּכְיִי ψ 69, but also פֶּרְיְךָ, לֶחְיוֹ &c.; before a grave suffix פְּרִיהֶם, but also פֶּרְיְכֶם. Plur. גְּדָיִים (constr. גְּדָיֵי, see above, o, חֲטָאֵי), אֲרָיִים and אֲרָיוֹת; with softening of the י to א (as elsewhere in בְּלוֹאֵי Jer 3812 for which there is בְּלוֹיֵ in verse 11, according to §8k; עַרְבִיאִים 2 Ch 1711, cf. 267 Keth.; probably in דּֽוּדָאִים, לֻֽלָאוֹת from דּוּדַי and לוּלַי; also חלכאים ψ 1010 Keth., divided into two words by the Masora, is to be referred to a sing. חֶלְכַּי hapless): חֲלָאִים jewels, Ct 72 (from חֲלִי), טְלָאִים lambs, Is 4011 (from טְלִי); but instead of פְּתָאִים and צְבָאִים (from פֶּ֫תִי and צְבִי) the Masora requires פְּתָאיִם and צְבָאיִם; dual: לְחָיַ֫יִם, constr. st. לְחָיֵי, with suff. לְחָיַי, &c. On דַּל door, cf. §95f, and on such formations generally, see Barth on biliteral nouns in ZDMG. 1887, p. 603 ff., and Nominal-bildung (isolated nouns), p. 1 ff.

 [93y]  (b) From the ground-form qiṭl, חֲצִי half, in pause חֵ֫צִי, with suff. חֶצְיוֹ, &c.—From stems with middle Wāw arise such forms as אִי (from ʾiwy), עִי, צִי ship, plur. אִיִּים, צִיִּים, &c.; instead of the extraordinary plur. צִים Nu 2424 read with the Samaritan יֽוֹצְאִים, and for בַּצִּים Ez 309 read probably with Cornill אָצִים.

 [93z]  (c) From the ground-form qŭṭl sometimes forms like תֹּ֫הוּ, בֹּ֫הוּ (from tŭhw, bŭhw), sometimes like חֳלִי, עֳנִי, and even without an initial guttural דֳּמִי, יֳפִי,

  1. Nöldeke, Beiträge, p. 58: the direct or indirect retention of this ו is hardly a feature of early Hebrew. The true Hebrew forms from קָצֶה would be קְצֵה, קָצוֹת, קְצוֹת, the aramaizing forms קָצָה, קְצָת, קְצָווֹת.