Page:Journal of botany, British and foreign, Volume 9 (1871).djvu/317

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when dry the leaves are twisted and cirrhate. Capsule terete-oblong, erect; lid conico-attenuated, half length of capsule. De Notaris after- wards united this to vinealis, but Mr. Mitten pointed out their distinct- ness in Seem. Journ. Bot. 1867, p. 325. — Bolton Abbey, Wyndclitf, Aldrington Beach, and Cuckfield (Davies), Plymouth (Holmes).

18. T. rir/idiila (Had.). — Didi/modon rujidulus, Hed. Mus. Fr. iii. t. -J- ; Hook, and Tayl. Muse. Br. Tr'chostoiinim rifjidnluvi, (3. do/si/m, Bry. Eur. ; Bry. Brit. p. lU. T. nerjledinn, Wils. ras. (Plate CXIX. f. 5).— Dioicous, densely tufted, subpulviuate. Leaves rigid, not appressed and imbricated when dry, but somewhat curved and contorted, lai.'ceolate, carinate, the base erect and appressed to stem, the nerve thick and con- tinued with the lamina into a tliick obscure point; cells at base oblong, pellucid with thin walls, soon becoming incrassate and cpiadrate. Fruit like that of T. spadicea, peristome longer. — Hab. On walls.

19. T. spadicea, Mitten; Seem. Journ. Bot. 1867, p. 326. — TricJioslo- ■nunn r'ujidulum, Bry. Eur. ; Bry. Brit. (Plate CXIX. f. 6). — Dioicous, 1- 2 in. high, resembling T.fallax, but more robust, dull green, laxly tufted. Leaves patent from the base, when dry incurved and closely imbricated, elongato-lanceolate, channelled, the margin recurved below ; nerve distinct to the apex ; cells rounded and incrassate from the very base, somewhat obscure. Capsule on a red seta, erect, cylindric ; lid shortly subulate, slightly twisted. Peristome short; teeth narrow, on a very short mem- brane. — Damp walls and rocks, not uncommon.

20. T. fallax, ^tA.—Brynm imberbe, Huds. Fl. Angl. 1762.— Lind- berg adopts Hudson's name ; but as it was founded on the erroneous idea that there was no peristome, it is better to drop it.

21. T. reflexa,^Yk\e\, Sp. Muse. i. p. 2.5.5 {lS06).—BHrdnla fal/ax, y. re/lexa, Brid. Bry. Un. i. p. 558. Turtida recttrvifoHa, Wils. Ann. Nat. Hist. ii. ser. 3. p. 491. Barbnla reciirvifolia, Schimper. Tortida fall/ix, 8. recurvifolia, Bry. Brit. (Plate CXX. f. 2). — Dioicous, rufous-l;rown, in lax incoherent tufts, more slender than T. fallax. Leaves tristichous, recurved and falcate, when dry laxly incumbent, slightly twisted from an oblong base, lanceolate, shorter and broader than those of T. fallax, acutely keeled, strongly papillose on both sides, nerve vanishing below apex, margin reflexed below ; capsule erect, elongated, cylindraceous, regular, rufous-brown; lid subulate, beaked; annulus none; peristome as in T. fallax. Very rare in fruit. — Calcareous rocks and walls. Scotland, Yorkshire, Derbyshire, near Eydal water (Baker).

22. T. riifa, (Lorentz) Braitluv. — Dldymodon rufas, Lorentz, Moos- Studien, p. 121, 1864 (Plate CXX. f. 3). — Dioicous, resembling dwarf T. (jujantca in rufous-brown, lax, incoherent tufts. Stems 2-5 in. Joiif, often prostrate at base, sparingly dichotomous, dense leaved. Leaves recurved when moist, solid, from an ovate base, lanceolate, gradually apiculate ; margin strongly recurved; nerve vanishing just below apex. Cells at base rlioudjoid, pellucid, at apex minute, quadrate, papillose, opaque. Perigynium enclosing long-necked archegonia, without para- physes. — Keported from Ben Lawers by Dr. Stirton, but I iiave not s(<eii British specimens.

23. T. recurvifolia. Mitten, Proc. Linn. Soe. i. ISuppl. p. 34, 1859.

T. vinealis, var. nivalis, Spruce. Griuintia (jiganlea, Schp. Syuops. p. 695 1860. Torlnla figantcn, Lindhcrg (Plat(> ('.\X. f. 4). — In hiriic, fuscous- green, loose tufts, blackish-hrowu at base. Plants 3-8 in. high, simple or

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