Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/209

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General Remarks on the Coast of .4rracan. 177 missioner, who usually resides at Chlttagong. These judges (officers in the Indian army) have a number of Bengalce police- men; and the one at Akyab, which is much the largest district, has two companies of natives to assist in preserving peace and col- lecting the revenue, which amounts annually, in the whole pro- vince, to about three lacs and a half of rupees (350,000/.), pro- duced principally by the rental of land, the Company considering themselves the proprietors of the soil. A tax on everything useful or necessary is also imposed to raise this apparently insignificant amount, which barely defrays the expenses, though the garrison only consists of eight companies of sepoys. two of which are stationed at Akyab, two at Sandowny, and the other' four with the head-quarters of the regiment at Kyouk Phyoo, where a canton- ment has been recentl?r formed, and part of the flotilla employed in the late war, consistaug of flats and gunboats, is laid up. The others are at Jetgo, or Amherst Island, off the south end of Ramtee, where there are temporary storehouses, with a quantity of naval stores, decaying very fast, from want of proper protection from the climate s as also are the boats. There is a regular d?tk established between Calcutta and Arra- can province, as far as Sandoway, v/a Chittagong, Akyab, Kyouk, Phyoo, and Ramtee: it is from nine to ten days reaching ._Aky. ab, and is thence conveyed in boats by the inland communications to the southward s usually reaching Sandowny in four days. The inhabitants are a hardy, inoffensive race; and, having ha? little intercourse with strangers, supply all their wants from the immediate vicinity of their houses, which are universally bamboo huts, raised upon piles about four feet from the grounds and generally in some thick jungle near the water, with small patches of rice, i?digo, cotton, ?bacco, and fruit-trees at no very great �distance. Fish are abundant, constituting, with rice, their prin- cipal food; and this year, for the first time, a cargo of both has been purchased for the Manritins--the rice at the rate of ll. 8s. per ton, and the fish equally low. Poultry is also very numerous at Arracan---eighteen for a rupee; nor is there any scarcity of bullocks or buffaloes. The latter they esteem most, from their being docile and useful in cultivating and treading out rice; and it is difficult to say what other use they make of either, as they neither- kill them for food, nor do they use milk .or anything made from it, and were much amused at the ]guropeans and Hin- dostanees wishing to get it, asking whether they were not afraid of becoming calves. Their religion, that of Buddha, enjoins them not to take away life; but they do not appear very bigoted to this part of their creed, as they had no objection to part with their oxen or buffaloes, and ate any part when dead, even to the offal usually given to dogs. We procured excellent ox-beef, with N Digitized by Googl?