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Page 2041 : WARD — WARING

states, but very few are familiar to the casual observer, for the reason that they perch mostly in the tree-tops, and must be especially looked for. They are all insect-eating and migratory, May and September being the months in which they are most abundant in the eastern United States, some arriving and others passing on their way north or south. The yellow warbler is a summer resident and is abundant in lawns, parks and orchards, but the others mostly inhabit woods. The redstart also is very abundant. It is a pert little bird, with red and black colors and a white belly. The black and white warbler nests in the eastern states. It runs over the bark of trees like a nuthatch. The black-throated, green warbler nests in pine woods from southern New England northward. Besides the tree-inhabiting warblers are a number which live in undergrowth and on the ground. Among these are the oven-bird and the Maryland yellow-throat. The former makes an oven-shaped nest of grass on the ground. It is one of the larger warblers, being about 6.15 inches long. The yellow-breasted chat is the largest of warblers, reaching a length of 7.45 inches. It is one of the few birds which sing regularly at night. The Old-World warblers are not represented in America. The tailor bird (q. v.), is an example.

Ward, Ar′temas, an American general, was born at Shrewsbury, Mass., Nov. 27, 1727. He was a graduate of Harvard College. He served in the French and Indian War and was sent as delegate to the provincial congress in 1774. He was commander of the Massachusetts troops at the beginning of the Revolutionary War and was head of the army until the appointment of Washington, when he was made second in command. He was placed first on the list of major-generals by Congress. He was 16 years in the Massachusetts legislature and a member of Congress for four years. He died at Shrewsbury, Mass., Oct. 28, 1800.

Ward, Artemus. See Browne, Charles Farrar.

Ward, John Quincy Adams, an American sculptor, was born at Urbana, O., June 29, 1830. His first work was done in Washington, and consisted largely of busts of noted men, as Alexander Stephens, Hamlin etc. Since 1861 his home has been in New York. His Indian Hunter, A Private of the Seventh Regiment and Shakespeare are in Central Park, New York City; his colossal statue of Washington is on the steps of the sub-treasury building in Wall Street, New York, and a statue of Henry Ward Beecher in Brooklyn, and that of William E. Dodge pn Broadway, New York. The Good Samaritan, The Freedman and statues of Commodore Perry, Washington and General Thomas are others of his well-known works.

Ward, Mary Augusta Arnold (Mrs. Humphry Ward), English novelist, who has


achieved a worldwide fame, was born in 1851 at Hobart, Tasmania, where her father, Thomas Arnold, M. A., son of Dr. Thomas Arnold of Rugby and brother of Matthew Arnold, held an educational appointment. "Like George Eliot, Mrs. Humphry Ward's contact with literature and life has been broad and fruitful." Her ability and scholarship were shown early in her literary career by her contributions to Macmillan's Magazine, by her articles in Smith's Dictionary of Christian Biography and by her translation of Amiel's Journal Intime. Her first venture in fiction was a tale of an actress's life—Miss Bretherton (1884). Four years later appeared Robert Elsmere, a remarkable though rather skeptical production, dealing with the struggle of an aspiring soul toward a newer theistic faith and creed. In 1892 came from her gifted pen The History of David Grieve, and two years subsequently appeared Marcella, the latter a noble study of woman's nature. Among other writings are Sir George Tressady, a sort of art sequel to Marcella and Helbeck of Bannisdale, two works of remarkable power and compelling interest. Mrs. Ward is intimately associated with the social and educational work of University Hall, an institution in London, now merged in Passmore Edwards' Settlement.

Ware, Mass., a city in Hampshire County, on Ware River and the Boston and Albany and Boston and Maine, 22 miles west of Worcester and 25 northeast of Springfield. It occupies high ground, and besides cotton and woolen goods manufactures hosiery, paper, boots and shoes. It has an opera-house, public library and numerous churches and schools. It was incorporated in 1761. Population 8,774.

Waring (wa′rĭng), George Edwin, American sanitary engineer, was born at Pound-ridge N. Y., July 4, 1833, and died in New York City, Oct. 30, 1898. He was educated at Poughkeepsie, studied agriculture, and lectured on it in Maine and Vermont. From 1857 to 1861 he was drainage engineer of Central Park, New York; and on the outbreak of the Civil War he became major of the Garibaldi Guard, after which he raised and became major of the Fremont Hussars, and subsequently colonel of the 4th Missouri cavalry. In 1880 he became special agent of the United States 10th cen-