anfkdvocate. Later in life he ranked as a homme de lettres, edited the " Revue Encyclop^dique," and was at one time a disciple of St. Simon. He was elected deputy in 1839^ and after the revolution of 1848 was ap- pointed Minister of Public Instruc- tion, but retired July 6. After the coup d'etat, M. Camot was elected, with General Cavaignac, deputy for Paris. Both refused the oath, and retired into private life. In 1863, however, he entered the Corps L^gis- latif , but at the general election of 1869 he was defeated by M. Cram- betta. After the Revolution of Sept. 4, 1870, he was appointed Maire of the 8th arondissement of Paris. The following year he was elected a re- presentative of the department of Seine-et-Oise. He voted steadily with the Extreme Left. On Dec. 15, 1876, he was elected a Senator for Life by the National Assembly. Among the works written, edited, or translated by M. Camot are, "Gunima," a novel by Van der Welde, 1824 ; the " Chants Hel- Uniens" of Wilhelm Mttller, 1828; " Expos^ de la Doctrine Saint-Si- monienne," 1830, which has been translated into English ; " M^moires de Henri Gr^goire, ancien ^veque de Blois," 2 vols., 1837 ; " Reflexions sur la Domesticity," 1838; "Des Devoirs civiques des Militaires," 1838; M^ moires de Bertrand Barr^re," 4 vols., 1842-43, conjointly with David d' An- gers; "De TEsclavage Colonial;" " L'Allemagne pendant la Guerre de la D^livrance," fragments of which were published in 1843 ; "Memoires s\ir Camot, par son fils," 2 vols., 1861-64; and "La Revolution Fran9aise," 2 vols., 1869-72.
CARNOTA (CoNDB da) J. Smith Athblstans, born in London, May 9, 1813, was educated at Salisbury, by the Rev. G. Radcliffe, D.D. In- tended for the law, but having lost his father at the age of nineteen, he travelled on the continent, and in 1836 went to Lisbon, where he beoame private secretary to the
Marshal Duke de Saldanha, at that time Prime Minister of Portugal. He was present at and concerned in many important events of that country's history, and accompanied the Marshal in various missions and embassies at Vienna, London, Paris, and Rome. He has resided but little in England, except during the year 1840, when attached to the Sar- dinian Legation in London, of which the late Count PoUon was the chief. In 1843 he published in two volumes the first edition of his work, the " Marquis of Pombal," on which oc- casion the Queen of Portugal created him a Knight Commander of the Order of Chnst. He married in 1850, and shortly afterwards purchased a property in Portugal, where, a widower since 1866, he continues to reside. By a decree dated Lisbon, Aug. 9, 1870, his present Majesty, Dom Luiz, was pleased to elevate the author to the dignity of " Gran- dee of Portugal," by the title of Conde da Camota. In 1871 a second edition of the " Marquis of Pombal " was published in one volume. The Conde da Camota has since written " Memoirs of the Life and Eventful Career of the Duke de Saldanha, soldier and statesman," 2 vols., 1880. CARPENTER, Alfred, M.D., was born at Rothwell, Northampton- shire, May 28, 1825, his father being a medical practitioner of that place, to whom, after finishing his general education at Moulton Grammar School, in Lincolnshire, he was ap- prenticed at the age of 14. Two years later he became a pupil of Mr. Percival, at the Northampton In- firmary, where he remained for three years, returning at the ex- piration of that period to Rothwell to assist his father. Next he be- came assistant to Mr. J. Syer Bris- towe, at Camberwell, and in 1847 he entered St. Thomas's Hospitid. He was the first student who gained a scholarship at that institution, and he also held in succession the posts of Resident Accoucheur and House Surgeon. He took the