completed this tour of foreign ser- vice. Dr. Crawford returned to England and held the appointment of head of the Army Medical De- partment in Ireland, but not long afterwards left again for India, this time with the elevated position of chief of the whole British Army Medical Department in that em- pire. In April 1882 he* was ap- pointed to succeed Sir William Muir as Director-General of the Army Medical Department. Dr. Crawford has always enjoyed the reputation of being a prudent and earnest medical officer ; while from the considerate and friendly man- ner he has always evinced towards the officers who have been brought into contact with him in his various administrative ix>sitions, he has earned for himself universal popu- larity in the service.
CBISPI, Francesco, an Italian statesman, born at Bibera, in Sicily, Oct. 4, 1819, studied law at Palermo, and became a member of the bar of Naples, where he took part in the conspiracies which led to the over- throw of the Kingdom of the Tw;o Sicilies in 1848. He was one of the chief promoters of the insurrection of Palermo, became a deputy and general secretary of war, and for two years was the heart and soul of the resistance offered by the Sicilian people . After the victory gained by the Swiss regiments. Signer Cnspi fled to France. In 1859 and 1860 he organised the new Sicilian revo- lution ; he landed at Palerm'o with Garibaldi and his volunteers, and after fighting as a simple soldier, became a minister, in which capacity he paved the way for the annexa- tion of the Two Sicilies to the King- dom of Italy. In 1861 he was re- turned by the city of Palermo to the first ItaHan Parliament, in which he took a prominent and influential position, becoming in a short time the acknowledged leader of the con- stitutional opposition. ■ It was the understandiiig come to between Signor Crispi and the old Pied-
montese "third party, which led to the formation of the New Batazai ministry. He was chosen as a De- puty at the elections of Nov., 1876, by several electoral colleges, ajid "opted" for that <rf Bari. On the 22nd of that month he was elected President of the Chamber of Depu- ties by 282 votes against 115.
CROFTON,The Eioht Hon. Sib Waltbb Frbdbbic, C.B., a son of the late Captain Walter Crofton, of the 54th Foot (who was killed at Waterloo), born at Courtrai in 1815^ was educated at Woolwich Academy, entered the Boyal Artillery in 1833, became Captain in 1845, and after- wards retired. He held from 1854 to 1862 the chairmanship of the Di- rectors of Convict Prisons in Ire- land, and in rewaxd of the great success of his management, he re- ceived the honour of kni^ht^ood in 1862. He was a Commissioner of Priscms in England from 1866 to 1868 ; was sworn a member of the Irish Privy Cotmcil in 1869 ; and was Chairman of the Prisons Board in Ireland from 1877 to 1878. Sir Walter is a magistrate for Wilt- shire.
CEOFTS, Ebnbst, A.E.A., was bom at Leeds, Sept. 15, 1847, being the son of Mr. John Crafts^ J.P., of Adel, near that town. He was edu- cated at Bugby School, and after remaining there several years went to Berlin, where he had more leisure to develope his artistic tastes. He then removed to London, and studied here for some years as a pupil under the late Mr. A. B. Clay. Afterwards he went to Diisseldodf, where he became a pupil of Herr Emil Hfinten, the well-known mili- tary painter to the Emperor of Ger- many. Mr. Crofts, who now resides at Dtisseldorf , was elected an Asso- ciate of the Boyal Academy, June 19, 1878. Among his pictures -from time to time euibited, chiefly at the Boyal Academy, are the follow- ing : — " The Betreat : an Episode in the German-FrenchWar," 1874, now in the Public Gallery, K5nig8berg«