the cabinet, and in Dec. of that year succeeded Lord Palmerston in the Foreign Office, retiring with the BnsseU ministry early in 1852. Lord Granville, who has held the offices of Master of the Buckhounds, Paymaster-general of the Forces, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lan- caster, and Treasurer of the Navy, was appointed President of the Council in 1853, and in 1855 under- took the ministerial leadership in the House of Lords. In 1850 Lord Ghranville acted as Vice-President of the Royal Commission for the Great Exhibition, of which he was one of the most diligent working members, and accepted, in the autmnn of 1860, the Chairmanship of the Commission for the Great Exhibition of 1862. In 1856 Lord Granville was sent upon an extra- ordinary mission to the court of St. Petersburg, as representative of the English nation, at the corona- tion of Alexander II. Lord Gran- ville, who retired with Lord Pal- merston's first ministry in 1858, was re-appointed President of the Coun- cil (having failed in an attempt to form a ministry himself) in Lord' Palmerston's second administration in 1859, and retired on the fall of Lord Russell's second administra- tion in 1866. Lord Ghranville was made Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in Dec, 1865. In Dec, 1868, his lordship accepted office under Mr. Gladstone as Colonial Secre- tary, and retained that position till July, 1870, when he was appointed Secretary for Foreign Affairs in succession to the late Earl of Cla- rendon. He occupied the latter position imtil the resignation of the Liberal Cabinet in Feb., 1874. At the commencement of the following year, when Mr. Gladstone retired from the leadership of the Opposi- tion, Lord Granville became, by general consent, the leader of the Liberal party. Lord Hartingten being chosen as its spokesman in the House of Commons. On Mr. Gladstone returning to jwwer in
May, 1880, Earl Granville again became Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. On June 12 in that year his lordship was presented with the freedom of the Fishmon- gers* Company.
GRAVES, The Right Rev. Charles, D.D., Bishop of Limerick, Ardfert, and Aghadoe, was born Nov. 6, 1812, and educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he took high honours, and of which he became a Fellow. He was for some time Dean of the Chapel Royal in Ireland, and Chaplain to the Lord Lieutenant. He was consecrated Bishop of Limerick Jime 29, 1866.
GRAY, Asa, M.D., LL.D., born at Paris, New York, Nov. 18, 1810. He graduated M.D. at Fairfield Medical College, in 1831, but soon relinquished the practice of medi- cine, and devoted himself, under Professor Torrey, of New York, to the study of botany. In 1834 he received the appointment of Botanist of the United States Ex- ploring Expedition, but he declined it. In 1842 he was elected Fisher Professor of Natural History in Harvard College, a position he still retains, although he has not actively taught since 1873. In addition to his lectures at Cambridge, he has delivered three courses of lectures before the Lowell Institute in Boston ; published in 1836 his Elements of Botany," enlarged into the " Botanical Text-book ; " and in 1838 commenced, with Dr. Torrey, "The Flora of North America." He published in 1818 the "Manual of Botany for the Northern United States," and the first volume of the " Genera Boreali- Americana Illustrata;" and the first volume of his " Botany of the United States Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Captain Wilkes," in 1854. He has since published the following works, mostly text- books : " How Plante Grow ; " " Les- sons in Botany, with drawings from Nature ; " " The School and Field- book of Botany j " " The Manual