organize the hospitals of the Italian legion. At the end of the war he returned home, and had charge first of the Belfast and afterwards of the Portsmouth districts. He resigned his commission, and for several years was occupied in mining operations in Wales, Italy, &c. Then he went upon the staff of the Standard newspaper. As a special correspondent of that journal he witnessed the Italo-Austrian war, was with Garibaldi in his campaign in the Tyrol, at the opening of tibe Suez Ca^ial, with the Abyssinian Expedition to Magdala, and the Ashantee Expedition to Coomassie. He also went through the Franco- German war, and the Communal Siege of Paris, and was likewise out in the Carlist Insurrection. He went to Russia for the Standard at the time of the Khiva Expedition, and on his return visited the mining regions of the United States, in California, Nevada, Utah, and on Lake Superior. He accompanied the Prince of Wales in his tour through India, and was with the Turkish army in the Turko-Persian war. Mr. Henty is the author of " A Search for a Secret, '* All But Lost,"' The March to MagdaW •* The March to Coomassie,*^ " Out on the Pampas," "The Young Franc-Tireurs," and a number of other books for boys, chiefly of an historical character. He is editor of the boys' paper, the Union Jack.
HERAUD, John Abraham, epic poet and dramatic writer, was born in London in 1799. Self-educated, and originally intended for busi- ness, he commenced writing for the magazines in 1818. In 1820 he published his local poem, ** Totten- ham," and in 1821 his •* Legend of St. Loy ; " wrote articles for the Quarterly and other reviews, and for three years assisted in the edi- torship of Fraser*s Magazine. His poem of " The Descent into Hell" appeared in 1830, and " The Judg- ment of the Flood " in 1834, and
both were republished many years afterwards, enlarged and re- arranged. He has written "Vi- dena," a tragedy, acted in 1854 ; "Wife, or no Wife," "Agnolo Diora," and a version of M. Le- gouv^'s "Medea," "The Roman Brother," and " Salvator, or the Poor Man of Naples," two tragedies ; " The Life and Times of Girolamo Savonarola," and some orations and lectures on Coleridge, and on poetry. He was for three years editor of the Monthly Magaxin^, and subsequently of the Christian's Monthly Magazine. In 1865 Mr. Heraud published " Shakspere : His Inner Life, as intimated in his Works." In 1870 he reappeared as a poet, in a volume entitled " The In-gathering," which was followed, in 1871, by another " war-epic," on the conflict between France and Prussia, under the title of "The War of Ideas ." His latest works are, " Uxmal : an Antique Love Sto^ ; " and " Macee de L^sdepart : an His- torical Romance," 1878.
HERBERT, John Rogebs, R.A., bom Jan. 23, 1810, at Maldon, Essex, where his father was comp- troller of customs; was sent to London in 1826, and became a student of the Royal Academy. Having lost his father two years after, he was obliged to abandon his course of study, and directing his attention to portraiture, before he was twenty-four had received sittings from many remarkable persons, among others, from her present Majesty, then Princess Victoria. His eai'liest exhibited pictures (1830-5) consist of portraits, and he employed his pencU upon small poetical subjects, exhibited chiefly at the British Institution in Pall Mall— "The Appointed Hour," in 1834; "Haidee," and "Prayer," in 1835; "Captives detained for a Ransom by Condot- tierri," in 1836 ; and " Desdemona interceding for Cassio," in 1837. Among the principal pictures of a somewhat later period were, in