advocacy of Besponsible Qovem- ment. In 1853 he became editor- in-chief of the Toronto Leader, a journal which^ he edited with con- spicuous ability until 1867, when he was appointed by the Hon. J. Sandfield Macdonald, Begistrar of the City of Toronto— a position he still holds. In 1862 he published the " Life and Times of William Lyon Mackenzie, with an account of the Canadian Eebellion of 1837." In 1877 also appeared from Mr. Lindsey's pen, " Bome in Canada ; the Ultramontane Struggle for Su- premacy over the Civil Power."
LING EN, Sib Ealph Eobbbt Wheslbb, K.C.B., only son of the late Mr. Thomas Lingen, of Bir- mingham, born in that town in 1819, was educated at Bridgnorth Gram- mar-school, whence he was elected, in 1837, to a scholarship at Trinity College, Oxford. He obtained the Ireland Scholarship in 1838, the Hertford Scholarship in 1839, gra- duated B.A. as a first-class in das- sics in 1840, was afterwards elected to a Fellowship at Balliol College, and obtained the Chancellor's prize for a Latin Essay in 1843, and the Eldon Law Scholarship in 1846. He was created an honorary D.C.L. in 1881. He studied in the cham- bers of the late Mr. Peter Brodie and the late Mr. Heathfield, and was called to the bar, but shortly afterwards entered the Educationid Department of the Privy Council, and in 1849 succeeded Sir J. P. Eay- Shuttleworth, Bart., as Secretary. In this capacity he is understood to have been one of the chief advisers and promoters of the framing and publication of the famous Educa- tional Minute which some years ago caused so much controversy in cleri- cal circles and amongst school- masters in general. In Jan. 1870 he was appointed to succeed the Right Hon. G. A. Hamilton as Per- manent Secretary of the Treasury. Sir Balph Lingen, who was nomi- nated a Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1869, and a K.C.B. in
1879, married, in 1852, Enuna, second daughter of Mr. Bobert Button, of Putney-park, Surrey.
LINTON, Mbs. Eliza, daughter of the late Bev. J. Lynn, vicar of Crosthwaite, Cumberland, was born at Keswick in 1822. Her first work of fiction, entitled "Azeth, the Egyptian," appeared in 1846; "Amymone: a Bomance of the Days of Pericles," in 1848; and " Realities," a story of modem life, in 1851 ; since which time this authoress has been connected with the press. In 1858 she was married to Mr. William James Linton, the engraver and author. Her " Witch Stories" appeared in 1861; "The Lake Country," illustrated by lier husband, in 1864 ; *' Grasp Tour Nettle," in 1865 ; " Lizzie Lorton of Greyrigg," and " Sowing the Wind," in 1866; "The True History of Joshua Davidson, Christian and Conmiunist," in 1872 ; " Patricia KembaU," in 1874 ; " The Mad WO- louehbys, and other Tales," in 1876 ; " The Atonement of Leam Dundaa," " The World Well Lost," in 1877 ; and "lone," in 1882. Mrs. Lynn Linton is also credited with the authorship of the " Girl of the Period" in the Saturday Review, and with most of the papers that have appeared in that journal on the woman question. " Ourselves," a book of essays on the same subject, by Mrs. Linton, appeared in 1867.
LINTON, William Jambs, born in London in 1812, was apprenticed to Mr. G. W. Bonner in 1828, became the partner in 1842 of the late 3Cr. Orrin Smith, and was engaged with him on the first works of importance published in the IlltietrcUed London NetoM, As an engraver on wood he ranks in the firat class. In his younger days, as a zealous Chartist, he became intimately associated with the chief political refugees; in 1844 was concerned with Maz- zini in calling the attention of the House of Commons to the fact that the exile's letters had been opened by Sir James Graham ; and in 1818