a grant of land as a United Empire loyalist. William, educated at To- ronto and at Victoria College, is a member of the bar. His attention has been directed to agriculture and politics, and from 1848 till 1858 he conducted at Toronto a monthly journal on agriculture, which ob- tained a large circulation in all the provinces ; and from 1850 till 1857 edited the North American, which was merged in the Toronto Olohe in 1857. He was first elected to Par- liament as a £ef ormer in 1858 ; was appointed Commissioner of Crown Lands, and member of the Execu- tive Council in a Eeform Ministry in May, 1862; and resigned office with his colleagues in March, 1864, owing to difficulties arising out of the demand in Upper Canada for constitutional changes; in June of the same year was offered a seat in a coalition ministry (as one of three representatives of the Liberal party of Upper Canada), formed to carry a measure to unite British America under one government, and ac- cepted office as Provincial Secre- tary. During the Fenian troubles in the summer of 1866, Mr. McDou- gall was charged with the duties of Minister of Marine, and with the aid of Vice- Admiral Sir James Hope, speedily organized a re8i)ectable navy of seven gunboats. In the first Dominion Government of 1867 he was made Minister of Public Works, which position he held until 1869, when he was commissioned Lieut.-Govemor of Eupert's Land and the North- West Territories. In 1868 he was sent to England to con- fer with the general Government on some questions of a constitutional character that had arisen between the Provinces. And again, in 1873, he was the Special Commissioner of the Dominion Governments to con- fer with the Imperial authorities on the subject of the Fisheries and on Emigration. Mr. McDougall sat for South Simooe in the Ontario Legislatiire from May, 1875, to Sept., 1878, when he resigned to contest
Halton in the Dominion Parlia- ment, in which he was successful. He was created C.B. (Civil) in 1867. McDowell, Gen. Irvin, born at Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 15, 1818. He studied in a military school in France, and graduated from the Military Academy at West Point in 1838, remaining there until 1845 as instructor in tactics and adju- tant. On the breaking out of the civil war he was made a brigadier- general, and appointed to the com- mand of the Federal troops at Washington. He was still in com- mand when the Union army was defeated at the battle of Bull Bun, July 21, 1861. Gen. McClellan took the command soon after that Iwi-ttle, and Gen. McDowell was placed in charge of the troops around Wash- ington. He was made a Major- General of Volunteers, March 14, and Commander of the department of the Rappahannock, April 14, 1862. He took part in the various battles fought by Gen. Pope in Aug., 1862, but was relieved from his command Sept. 5. In 1863-64 he was presi- dent of the court for investigating cotton frauds, and of the bofurd for retiring disabled officers. Prom July, 1864, to June, 1865, he was in command of the department of the Pacific. In Nov., 1872, he was made Major-General of the regular army, and successively had com- mand of the various military de- partments into which the United States is divided, until he was placed on the retired Ust in 1882. He resides at San Francisco.
MACFARREN, Sib Gkobok Alexandeb, Mus. D., son of the late G. Macfarren, dramatic author, bom in London, March 2, 1813, was educated at the Royal Academy of Music ; he was appointed mem- ber of the Board of Professors of the Academy, 1860, and of the Committee of Management of the same, in 1868. In 1875, upon the death of Sir W. Stemdale Bennett, Mr. Macfarren succeeded him as principal chairman of the Corn-