Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/928

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RAWLINSON.

911

Lectures delivered in the Oxford University Pulpit, at the Bampton Lecture for 1859/' published in I860; "The Contrasts of Chris- tianity with Heathen and Jewish Systems, in nine sermons preached before the University of Oxford on various occasions/' 1861 ; " The Five Great Monarchies of the An- cient Eastern World/' 4 vols., 1862- 67 ; " A Manual of Ancient History," 1869 J " The Sixth Great Oriental Monarchy ; or, the Geography, His- tory, and Antiquities of Parthia," 1873 ; '* The Seventh Great Oriental Monarchy ; or, the Geography, History, and Antiquities of the Sassanian or New Persian Empire, collected and illustrated from An- cient and Modem sources," in 1876 j a "History of Ancient Egypt," 2 vols., 1881 ; and other smaller works. Professor Bawlinson con- tributed an essay, the subject being, " The Genuineness and Au- thenticity of the Pentateuch," to "Aids to Faith/' edited by Dr. Thomson, in reply to " Essays and Eeviews;" and was a contributor to Dr. Smith's " Dictionary of the Bible." He held the office of Clas- sical Examiner under the Council of Military Education from 1859 to 1870. He has been Proctor in Convocation for the Dean and Chap- ter of Canterbury since 1873.

RAWLINSON, Sib Henbt Cres- wiCKE, K.C.B., F,R.S., brother of the Rev. George Rawlinson, born at ChadHngton, Oxfordshire, in 1810, was educated at Ealing School, served in the Bombay army from 1827 till 1833, was sent to Persia in Nov., 1833, and between that time and Dec, 1839, was actively em- ployed in various parts of that country. He held high commands, and did good service in reorganizing a body of Persian troops. When the rupture with Persia compelled our officers to withdraw from that country, he proceeded through Scinde to Affghanistan, and in June, 1840, was appointed political agent at Kandahar, having been pre-

viously under orders for Khiva to meet Perof sky's expedition then on the march . Throughout the troubles that ensued he held the southern capital of the Affghans safe from all intrigues within and attacks without, and was repeatedly men- tioned by Gen. Nott for his services in the field. He returned with the avenging army through Cabul and the Punjaub to India, to reappear, in 1843, on the g^oimd he had be- fore occupied, but as political agent in Turkish Arabia. In March, 18 i4, he was appointed Consul for Bagdad ; in 1850 was promoted to the rank of Lieut.-Col. in Turkey ; in 1851 was made Consul-General, resigning his post in Feb., 1855, and was made a Director of the East-India Company, and K.C.B. in 1856, and a Member of the Council of India from Sept., 1858, to the following April, when he was sent as Envoy to the court of Teheran, with the local rank of Major-Gene- ral. Sir Henry, who is a F.R.S., Honorary D.C.L. of Oxford, and LL.D. of Cambridge, a Chevalier of the "Order of Merit" in Prussia, and Corresponding Member of the French Institute, is the author of various papers on the antiquities of the East, and on the interpretation of the cuneiform inscriptions of Persia, Assyria, and Babylonia, in the Journals of the Geographical and Asiatic Societies; also of " England and Russia in the East : a series of papers on the Political and Geographical Condition of Cen- tral Asia," 1876. He was member for Reigate, in the Liberal interest, from Feb. to Sept., 1858, and was returned for Frome at the general election in July, 1865. Having represented this borough for three years, he withdrew at the general election in 1868, and was reap- pointed a Member of the Council of India. He was appointed a Trustee of the British Museum, in the place of the late Sir David Dundas, in March, 1878. On May 25, 1882, he was elected a foreign honorary