Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 62.djvu/169

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By Professor T. D. A. COCKERELL,


THE articles in the North American Review of January and February on the condition of science in America have naturally aroused a good deal of attention, but no attempt seems to have been made to determine our exact position in any one branch of science. Feeling that the criticisms offered did not apply justly to American zoology, I sought to obtain more exact data upon the subject. Fortunately we have the annual volume of the Zoological Record, which enumerates very fully the zoological contributions of each year, omitting only those which are of little or no value. This work, ably edited by Dr. D. Sharp, is published by the Zoological Society of London, and therefore cannot be suspected of enumerating an undue proportion of American articles. As a matter of fact, it errs somewhat in omitting several works published in this country, which cannot easily be obtained in London; while no doubt its list of European writings is very complete.

The latest volume of the Zoological Record to hand contains the titles for 1900, including also a small proportion of papers accidentally omitted from previous volumes. I have extracted from this volume the following data:

Division. Total titles. American titles. Per cent, of
American titles
General subject, 763    112    14
Mammals, 346 68 19 .6
Birds, 580 105 18
Reptiles and Amphibians, 239 33 13
Fishes, 235 32 13 .6
Mollusca, 588 148 25
Brachiopods, 48 13 27
Bryozoa, 30 9 30
Crustacea, 192 17 8 .8
Arachnida, 131 13 9 .9
Myriapoda, 35 1 2 .8
Prototracheata, 16 1 6 .2
Insects, 1431 235 16
Echinoderms, 370 56 15
Worms, 345 50 14
Cœlenterates, 106 26 24
Sponges, 83 19 21
Protozoa, 167 17 10