Page:Protestant Exiles from France Agnew vol 3.djvu/187

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

braved imprisonment and various other forms of persecution, firm in their Protestantism. Others took refuge in England.

The following names occur in this Chapter:— Casaubon (p. 163), De la Noue (p. 164), Poyrand (p. 164), Duplessay (p. 164), Desclouseaux (p. 164), Cramahe (p. 165), Des Ormes (p. 165), Chastelain d’Eppe (p. 167), De Vinegoy (p. 167), Du Petit Bosc (p. 167), Fontaine (p. 168), Willis (p. 168), De Lussi (p. 171), Rev. George Auriol Hay Drummond (p. 172), De Vismes (p. 173), Wilkins (p. 173), Jones (p. 173), Watkins (p. 173), Dupuy (p. 173), De Saurin (p. 173), De Froment (p. 173), Du Roure (p. 173), Right Hon. Richard Hill (pp. 173, 174), Dalbiac (p. 175), De Merargues (p. 175), Pravan (p. 175), De St Maurice (p. 175), De Foissac (p. 175), Soulegre (p. 175), Des Maizeaux (p. 175), Tatton (p. 176), De Caul (p. 177).

Chapter XVII. (pp. 181-191).

The French Regiments.

The French Refugee officers and soldiers enlisted with all their hearts in the army of William and Mary; several effective regiments were formed. Some accounts, however, exaggerate the number. There was one regiment of cavalry, also one of dragoons, and three infantry regiments. These were disbanded at the Peace of Ryswick. They were re-organised in 1706-7 under different Colonels; and, as in those days each regiment was named after its Colonel, the mistake arose that these re-formed regiments were new and additional regiments. I begin by giving an account of the regiments as originally raised.[1]

I. schomberg’s horse — afterwards ruvigny’s (earl of galway’s) — (pp. 181-183).

Frederick, 1st Duke of Schomberg, raised this regiment in England. Dumontde Bostaquet gives a list of its officers, as raised in July 1689 (he omits their Christian names). The Colonel-in-chief was the Duke. The field-officers next to him were Colonel de Romaignac, Colonel de Louvigny, Major de la Bastide, Major le Chevalier de Sainte-Hermine. Each company had four officers in permanent full-pay, — a captain, lieutenant, cornet, and quarter-master. The full-pay officers in the Compagnie Colonell were Captain d’Avène, Lieutenant Dallons, Cornet le Comte de Paulin, and Quartermaster Vilmisson.) The other officers were styled officiers incorporés; they seemed to have received a good sum of money as bounty (un gratification) on being enrolled, but not to have drawn any pay except when on active duty. The names of the captains having the command of companies were D’Avène (or D’Avesnes), De Casaubon, De Belcastel, De la Fontan, De Moliens, De Cussy, De Tugny, and De Varengues. De Bostaquet was an older captain; but having come to us from the Dutch service, he was passed over in the distribution of commands. He says as to the above-named captains, “The officers coming direct from the service of France have been preferred to others, who had quitted her service at an earlier date. This occasions some jealousies and murmurs; but I try to rise above such vexations, as I left my country in quest, not of my fortune, but of liberty of conscience.” The other captains were regimental subalterns with the rank of captain in the army. They were Captains Darenes, Bernaste, Montault, La Roche, La Milliere, De Maricourt, Brasselaye, Des Loires, La Coudrière, Valsery, De Hubac, La Fabreque, Vesian, Boncour (sen.), Vesancé, Petit, Des Moulins, Louvigny (jun.), Dolon, Questebrune, D’Antragues, Montargis, Bostaquet, La Grangerie, Saint-Tenac, De Passy, Hautcharmois, La Roquière, Bondou, Champaigné, De Saint-Cyr Soumain, De L’Isle, Monpas, Deppe, Jonquière, D’Escury, Vivens, Baron De Neufville, and Brugières.

The names of the lieutenants, comets, and quartermasters on permanent full-pay were Lieutenants Dallons, Mazères, De Salles, Coulombières, Le Cailletière (sen.), Maisonneuve,

  1. I have already mentioned that Puissar’s regiment was an English infantry regiment. I may add, that what Dumont de Bostaquet calls “Le regiment de l’Anié,” must have been the English regiment of cavalry commanded by Sir John Lanier.