20.West Beaver Township in Snyder.
a small qnarry for his personal use or petty sales. and the region as a whole is without a single first-class kiln.
On the west side of the gap and along the north bank of Middle creek there are ten or twelve individual kilns in a distance of 350’, each of which is supposed to represent a quarry.
This property originally belonged to Mr. Wm. Deckert, who sold it off in lots, from time to time, to the following parties from east westward: 1. I. Shirey and P. Hoffman. 2. Joseph Klein and J, Kaley, 3. Levi Klein and partner. 4. O. A. Baker and D. Yetter. 5. S.and J. Yetter. 6. J. Culpetser. 7-12. Unknown.
The Baker quarry No, 4 was the only one active dnring Angust, 1888. The eastern quarries facing the gap have largely developed the upper division of the limestone for- mation and the western ones lower beds.
The Shirey quarry No. 1 has probably been most exten- sively developed ; but inthe center of the gronp there is a splendid exposure of the whole series comprising over 100’ of the massive division of No. VI. The uppermost beds aré those which are most songht after, both from ease of development, safety and econony ; bnt there are excellent beds in the lower portion of the group, while not so massive as similar beds seem to be on the Susquehanna and Juniata. Under top beds of shaly stone, 15’ thick. there is good blue stone for fnlly 30°, not all massive but occurring in three main divisions of nearly equal thickness separated by thin banils of lime shale. It is this stone that is most eagerly sought after, and it is largely obtained by stripping off the upper lean and impure beds. Underneath this massive di- vision there is a dividing band of shales or soapstone sepa- rating the lower divisiou. This portion does not contain the same missive beds shown at Winfield and Selinsgrove.
The individual beds are thin and many of them siliceous and slaty, rendering the exposure very uneven. The dip is everywhere uniform about N. 20° W. 25°,
Crossing to Bannerville along the Middle creek road and past the M. E. church, good exposures of the Marcellus