A RETROSPECT OF RECENT HISTORY.—1861–1911.
1861. Death of the Prince Consort.
1864. Fenians in Ireland.
1865. Death of Palmerston; Russell Prime Minister.
1866. Derby's third administration.
1867. Reform Act.
1868. Disraeli succeeds Derby; resignation; Liberal Government returned.
Gladstone's first administration.
1871. Disestablishment of Church of Ireland.
1874. Fall of Liberal Government; Disraeli's second administration.
1875. Purchase of Suez Canal shares.
1876. Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India.
Public excitement over "Bulgarian atrocities."
1878. British administration established in Cyprus.
1880. Gladstone's second administration.
1882. Murder of Lord F. Cavendish and T. H. Burke in Phoenix Park, Dublin.
1885. Redistribution Act.
Liberal Government resigns; Salisbury's first administration.
1886. Gladstone's third administration; Irish Home Rule Bill, defeat of Government; Salisbury's second administration.
1887. Queen Victoria's Jubilee.
First Colonial conference.
1888. Parnellite Commission.
1892. Gladstone's fourth administration; Irish Home Rule Bill (1893).
1894. Lord Rosebery succeeds Gladstone as Prime Minister.
Inter-Colonial Conference (Ottawa).
1895. Salisbury's third administration.
1897. Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.
1898. Death of Gladstone.
1900. Salisbury's fourth administration.
1901. Death of Queen Victoria : accession of King Edward VII.
1901–3. Acute lingual, fiscal and constitutional questions in Malta : constitution amended, 1903.
1902. Mr. Balfour succeeds Salisbury as Prime Minister.
1903. Introduction of tariff reform propaganda by Mr. Chamberlain.
1904. Outrage on British fishing vessels on Dogger Bank by Russian Baltic squadron (referred to international commission).
1905. Mr. Balfour's Government resigns; Campbell-Bannerman's administration.
1907. Colonial conference.
1908. Resignation (and death) of Campbell-Bannerman; Mr. Asquith Prime Minister.
1909. Budget thrown out by House of Lords, but Liberals returned at general election.
1910. Mr. Asquith's second administration.
Death of King Edward; accession of King George V. Conference on constitutional question (Parliament Bill); its failure.
General election : return of Liberals.
1911. Imperial conference.
BRITISH OVERSEAS TERRITORIES.
Union of South Africa, and Rhodesia.
1860. First railway opened in Cape Colony.
1871. Annexation of Basutoland to Cape Colony; Griqualand constituted a colony.
1877. Kaffir war (peace, 1878). Annexation of Transvaal.
1878. Invasion of Bechuanas into Griqualand repulsed.
1879. Zulu war; insurrection in Transvaal
1879–81. War with Basutos; defeated.
1880. Transvaal Boers claim independence. South African republic formed.
1881. Boer war. Battle of Majuba.
1883. Temporary self-government in Basutoland; colonial government later resumed.
1884. Convention establishing South African republic.
1885. Bechuanaland declared British territory.
- This survey extends, as a rule, over fifty years, but some events subsequent to 1911 are included. Only the more important countries are dealt with individually.