Page:The Dictionary of Australasian Biography.djvu/368

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the natives. This proceeding was very severely condemned by a number of colonists, who made very strong representations upon the subject to both the local and home Governments. The result, however, showed that, whatever opinions might be entertained respecting the abstract propriety of the summary measures adopted, they were in reality the wisest and most merciful for both races, no organised attack being afterwards made upon Europeans by the natives in that part of the colony. He commanded several expeditions against the blacks in 1840 and 1841, and resigned his appointment as Commissioner of Police on April 12th, 1843. He was nominated on June 15th, 1843, senior non-official member of the old nominee Legislative Council, and sat till 1851, when the first instalment of representative government was conceded. He took part in the successful opposition to the official policy for the imposition of royalties on minerals; but, having supported the then Governor in his attempt to perpetuate State aid to religion, was defeated for the district of Noarlunga when the Mixed Constitution was proclaimed. In 1855 he unsuccessfully contested the Sturt. He was gazetted a lieutenant-colonel of the Volunteer Military Force in 1854. When responsible government was conceded, he was returned at the head of the poll over twenty-seven candidates for the Legislative Council in March 1857. In 1862 he resigned his commission as justice of the peace, owing to his strong disapproval of some of the Government appointments to the magistracy. He retired from the Legislative Council the following year, and died at Lizard Lodge, O'Halloran Hill, on August 16th, 1870.

O'Halloran, Captain William Littlejohn, son of Major-General Sir Joseph O'Halloran, G.C.B., and brother of the foregoing, was born in 1805. He entered the army as ensign in the 14th Foot in 1823, and after brilliant service in India, particularly at the siege and storming of Bhurtpore, Bengal, was advanced to lieutenant. With his brother, Major T. S. O'Halloran, he was attached to the staff of his father in the Saugor division, Central India, from 1828 to 1829; and became captain 38th Regiment by purchase in 1837. He retired from the army, and emigrated to South Australia in 1840. In that colony he was appointed a member of the Audit Board in 1843, and subsequently became private secretary to Governor Sir George Grey, and clerk of the Executive Council. He was appointed Auditor-General, in succession to Mr. F. C. Singleton, in 1851, and held the position till 1868, when he finally retired from the public service. He died on July 15th, 1885. Captain O'Halloran married in 1831 Eliza Minton, daughter of John Montague Smyth.

Okeden, William Edward Parry, Under-Colonial Secretary, Queensland, son of David Parry Okeden, was born at Maranumbela, his father's station, in the Manaro District of New South Wales, on May 13th, 1841. Having served three years as an articled clerk to a solicitor in Melbourne, he relinquished the law and joined his father in squatting pursuits in Queensland in 1861. Nine years later he was appointed to initiate the Border Customs, and entered the Civil Service as Inspector of the Border Patrol in Dec. 1870. Having been employed as a police magistrate from 1872 to 1886, Mr. Okeden acted for the next three years as Immigration Agent at Brisbane, receiving the appointment of Under-Colonial Secretary in July 1889. In 1887 he acted with Mr. Kinnaird Rose on an inquiry into gaol management in Queensland.

Oliver, Charles N. J., entered the New South Wales Civil Service, and was appointed Under-Secretary for Lands in Nov. 1880. He is now one of the Commissioners of Railways under the new non-political system of control.

Oliver, Hon. Richard, M.L.C., son of Robert Oliver, of Penzance, Cornwall, England, and Elizabeth (Fox) his wife, was born on Feb. 21st, 1830. Having emigrated to New Zealand, he entered the Parliament of that colony, and was Minister of Public Works in the Hall Ministry from Oct. 1879 to May 1881, being in the Cabinet without portfolio till April 1882, when, a reconstruction taking place, he was included in the Whitaker Government as a member of the Executive Council till Sept. 1883, when on a second reconstruction he became Postmaster-General and Commissioner of Electric Telegraphs under Major (now Sir H. A.) Atkinson, retiring, with the rest of his colleagues, in August