TIMALIA. 225 outer webs tinged with rufous at the base; wings dark brown, the outer webs olive-brown and the inuer secondaries rufous- brown; breast and abdomen ferruginous; flanks, vent and under tail-coverts I'ufous-brown; thiglis plumbeous.
Colours of soft parts. Iris red-brown to almost vermilion; bill black, paler at tip; legs dull grey, horny-grey, or plumbeous brown.
Measurements. Length about 210 to 220 mm.; wing about 72 to 77 mm.; tail about 90 mm.; tarsus about 30 mm.; culmen about 55 to 60 mm.
Distribution. Sikkim, Bhutan and hills South of the Brahma- putra. I obtained it in both the Khasia and Cachar Hills, and have had it seut me from the Naga Hills,
Nidification. This bird breeds from April to July between 4,500 and 8,000 feet, but as a rule over 5,000 feet. It makes the usual grass- ball nest, rather more tidy and neat than most Scimitar-Babblers and measuring roughly about 6" in diametei*. The eggs, three to five in number, are like those of the genus Pomatorhinus, and measure about 23'8 x 18"1 mm.
Habits. These are typically those of the Scimitar-Babblers, but as far as I saw they were always in pairs, not flocks. Their voice is a high-pitched replica of the triple " hoot," a quite sweet note and not often uttered. They were seen frequently in bracken and fern cover and are also sometimes found in Pine forests in which the undergrowth is very scanty and confiued to the ravines and hollows. Genus TIMALIA Horsf., 1831. The genus Timalia consists of a single species, which is charac- terized by the peculiar rigid shafts of the feathers of the forehead and crown and by its deep black bill. The lail is longer than the wing and much graduated, the outer feather being about half the length of the central ones. ^ Fig. 38. — Head of T. -p. hengalensis. Timalia pileata. Key to Subspecies. A. Abdomen fulvous; upper phimajje darker. . T.jJ. hemjalenm, p. 226. 13. Abdomeu rusty-buff; upper plumage paler. T.p. jerdoni.^.'Ul. VOL. I, Q