Page:UK Traffic Signs Manual - Chapter 8 - Part 1 (Traffic Safety Measures and Signs for Road). Designs 2009.pdf/8

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been validated.


D1INTRODUCTION



D1.1BACKGROUND

D1.1.1In the operation and maintenance of highway networks, it is necessary from time to time to put in place temporary traffic management measures to facilitate safe road works, temporary closures or incident management, whilst keeping the traffic flowing as freely as possible. With high traffic flows on many roads, it is particularly important to plan all works activities and temporary closures to optimise safety, road space and work efficiency, whilst minimising road user congestion, delay and inconvenience.

D1.1.2Road works on or near a carriageway, cycleway or footway might impair the safety and free movement of vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians (particularly those with mobility and visual impairments). All reasonable steps should be taken to ensure that the effects of the works are reduced to a minimum. This Chapter sets out the effects of road works or temporary closures on all kinds of road user and recommends steps that should be taken to minimise these effects. It also emphasises the importance of following the recommended measures.

D1.1.3The Health and Safety at Work, etc. Act 1974 and the Health and Safety at Work (NI) Order 1978 require all clients, employers and employees to establish and maintain safe systems of work. Highway authorities, statutory undertakers and contractors must give due attention to the detailed traffic management arrangements at road works sites and incident locations in order to ensure the safety of the public and of their own employees at these obstructions. It is essential for the safety of all concerned that uniform and consistent procedures should be adopted. Chapter 8 is intended to provide a standard of good practice for the signing and marking of obstructions as well as for the temporary traffic control necessitated by such obstructions of the highway. The standard described is a minimum, which should always be achieved. At difficult sites, i.e. sites where the on-site risk assessment has shown that the level of risk is above normal, further signs and other equipment will be necessary.

D1.1.4Under the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 (CDM) [1] and the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations (NI) 2007, clients, co-ordinators, designers and contractors have legal duties to plan, co-ordinate and manage health and safety throughout all stages of the project. CDM goes hand in hand with the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (MHSW) and the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations (NI) 2000. Good management of the work is essential to prevent accidents and ill health.

D1.1.5Further reasonable adjustments may also need to be made to works in order to comply with the Disability Discrimination Act 2005. Further guidance on meeting the requirements of the Act can be found in the revised Code of Practice on Section 3 of the Disability Discrimination Act. [2]

D1.2STRUCTURE AND SCOPE OF THE DOCUMENT

D1.2.1Chapter 8 (2009) comprises two [3] documents:

  • This document, Part 1: Design, provides guidance for those responsible for the design of temporary traffic management arrangements which should be implemented to facilitate maintenance activities or in response to temporary situations. It contains advice relating to traffic safety measures, and the identity and location of the traffic signs needed to guide road users, including pedestrians, safely past obstructions in temporary situations. It is structured to facilitate and reflect the design process for temporary traffic management, from the initial broad brief to details of signing provision. It raises the principal issues that need to be considered in temporary traffic management design and provides advice about their resolution. The document deals with the design of temporary traffic management arrangements on single carriageway roads and dual carriageway roads separately. The design guidance is illustrated by the inclusion of sample plans.

7


Additional Notes not part of original:

  1. As of document publication.
    Revision or change:Now Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 (CDM)
    Also See Part 3 U.1.1.4 . (Wikisource contributor note)
  2. As of document publication.
    Also See Part 3 U.1.1.5 . (Wikisource contributor note)
  3. As of document publication.
    Revision or change:three
    Also See Part 3 U.1.2 section. . (Wikisource contributor note)