Page:United States Army Field Manual 3-13 Information Operations.djvu/18

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.

1-41. The G-2 has staff responsibility for producing intelligence about adversaries and the environment. Intelligence analysts process and analyze information (to include open-source information) to produce intelligence. They incorporate IO aspects into intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) to develop an accurate description of adversaries, other individuals and groups, and the environment throughout the area of interest. Intelligence production focuses on answering priority intelligence requirements (PIRs) and identifying high-payoff targets. 1-42. Priority intelligence requirements are those intelligence requirements for which a commander has an anticipated and stated priority in the task of planning and decisionmaking (FM 3-0). They are the subset of CCIR that deal with adversaries, other individuals and groups, and the environment. PIRs establish priorities for ISR. As part of the CCIR, they establish priorities for IM as well. PIRs tell soldiers, especially those performing ISR tasks, what to look for. PIRs tell soldiers in the C2 system which intelligence to disseminate first. 1-43. The G-7 contributes to the overall IPB by developing IO input for IPB (see chapter 5). The G-7 works with the G-2 to develop products that portray the information infrastructure of the AO and aspects of the information environment that can affect operations. In addition to information about adversary forces, these products include information on adversary and other decisionmakers, key people, and significant groups in the AO. They address potential strengths and vulnerabilities of adversaries and other groups as well as friendly force operations security (OPSEC) considerations. 1-44. Through the intelligence system, the G-2 has access to higher echelon information sources and ISR assets. Information from these sources is analyzed with information from organic sources to produce the adversary and environment portions of the operational picture (see FM 6-0). Advanced INFOSYS, adequate procedures, and trained soldiers allow the C2 system to disseminate this intelligence throughout the command. Effective IM provides different commanders and staffs with a common operational picture based on intelligence and friendly force information. 1-45. ISR provides input essential to IPB and the targeting process (see FM 34-130; FM 6-20-10). The three are interrelated. An accurate IPB requires effective ISR. Identifying, engaging, and evaluating effects on targets requires synchronizing both processes. 1-46. The G-3 exercises primary staff responsibility over reconnaissance operations. To answer PIRs, the G-3 tasks organic reconnaissance and surveillance assets. Together, the G-2 and G-3 exploit all available resources to answer the PIRs. The G-7 submits information requirements to the G-2. Information requirements that cannot be answered with organic assets are submitted to appropriate agencies as requests for information (RFIs). INFORMATION OPERATIONS CONTRIBUTIONS

1-47. The IO concept brings together several previously separate functions as IO elements and related activities. Commanders use the IO elements/related activities to shape the information environment.