PUBLIC LAW 101-501—NOV. 3, 1990 104 STAT. 1233 AND PILOT PROJECTS AND REPORTS", and SEC. 117. REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO THE SECRETARY. (a) IN GENERAL. — Section 649 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9844) is amended— (1) in the section heading by striking and inserting "PILOT PROJECTS, STUDIES, (2) by adding at the end the following: "(d) Subject to subsections (a) through (c), the Secretary shall conduct, through grants or contracts made or entered into with qualified persons, a study of various approaches to providing early, continuous, and comprehensive intervention to low-income or atrisk children from birth to age 8 and to the families of such children. Such study shall describe and assess a variety of approaches to providing such services, including— "(1) programs funded under the Comprehensive Child Development Act; and "(2) Parent-Child Centers, home-based Head Start programs, Head Start family day care, and center-based Head Start (including migrant and nonmigrant programs), that are in compliance with the performance standards under section 651(b). Such study shall assess such approaches based on their appropriateness for specific populations of children, including those from dysfunctional families, children of substance abusers, and children who experience chronic violence in their communities. "(e) The Secretary shall conduct, through grants or contracts made or entered into with qualified persons, a study of Head Start family day care that is in compliance with the performance standards under section 651(b). Such study shall consider the effectiveness of providing Head Start services in a family day care setting and assess the program characteristics that are necessary to ensure the programs are effective. "(f) Not later than October 1, 1993, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the (Dommittee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate a report summarizing the results of the studies conducted under subsections (d) and (e).". (b) DEFINITIONS.— Section 637 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9832), as amended by sections 104(b) and 116(b), is amended by adding at the end the following: "(7) The term 'Head Start family day care' means Head Start services provided in a private residence other than the residence of the child receiving such services. "(8) The term 'home-based Head Start program' means a Head Start program that provides Head Start services in the private residence of the child receiving such services.". (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—Section 650 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9845) is amended— (1) by striking the section heading and inserting the following: Grant programs. Government contracts. Grant programs. Government contracts. Reports. ANNOUNCEMENT OF RESEARCH, DEMONSTRATION, PILOT PROJECTS, STUDIES, AND REPORT CONTRACTS", (2) in subsection (a)(1) by striking "or pilot project" and inserting "pilot project, study, or report", and (3) in subsection (c) by inserting "reports," after "studies,".