104 STAT. 1632 PUBLIC LAW 101-510—NOV. 5, 1990 SEC. 1008. STUDY OF UTILITY OF OH-58D HELICOPTER IN DETECTION OF CROSS-BORDER INTRUSIONS BY DRUG SMUGGLERS (a) STUDY REQUIRED.—The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the feasibility and effectiveness of using the OH-58D Scout helicopters for detecting, monitoring, and conducting surveillance of the ground movements of drug smugglers along the southwest border of the United States. In carrying out such study, the Secretary shall consider in particular the following matters: (1) The suitability of the OH-58D helicopter for performing the missions described in the first sentence. (2) The feasibility of having personnel of the Army National Guard operate and maintain OH-58D helicopters when such personnel are not in Federal service. (b) INTERAGENCY COORDINATION. — The Secretary shall carry out the study required by subsection (a) in consultation with the Commissioner of the United States Customs Service. (c) SUBMISSION OF REPORT.— The Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the results of the study required by subsection (a) not more than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall include in the report the conclusions of the Secretary based on the study together with such comments and recommendation as the Secretary considers appropriate. SEC. 1009. ANDEAN ANTI-DRUG EFFORTS (a) FINDINGS.— Congress makes the following findings: (1) The support for democratic process and civilian governance in the Andean countries of Peru, Bolivia, and Colombia, the first two of which have only recently emerged from periods of military rule, is a necessary precondition for long-term stability in those countries and for the successful fight against the production and traffic of illegal drugs in those countries. (2) The separation of military and civilian law enforcement functions has historically been a critical element in democracies around the world, including the United States. (3) There is a need to determine whether the current policies of the United States unduly emphasize assistance to military entities of those countries rather than civilian law enforcement entities in carrying out anti-drug efforts in those countries and whether such policies might tend to undermine the dual longterm policy goals of the United States of stopping the traffic of drugs at their sources and the preservation of civilian control over the newly established democracies of the Andean countries. (4) There is a need to assess the impact that United States assistance in the Andean anti-drug effort will have on reducing drug activity and supporting democratic processes in the Andean countries. (b) REPORT REQUIRED. —(1) Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Nationsil Drug Control Policy, jointly submit to Congress a report detailing current United States policies with respect to the Andean countries in general and with respect to the counter-drug enforcement activities and associated training programs of the United States in such countries in particular.