105 STAT. 956 PUBLIC LAW 102-143—OCT. 28, 1991 urine and blood, through the development of regulations as may be necessary and in consultation with the Department of Health and Human Services; "(1) provide for the confidentiality of test results and medical information (other than information relating to alcohol or a controlled substance) of employees, except that the provisions of this paragraph shall not preclude the use of test results for the orderly imposition of appropriate sanctions under this section; and "(8) ensure that employees are selected for tests by nondiscriminatory and impartial methods, so that no employee is harassed by being treated differently from other employees in similar circumstances. " (e) EFFECT ON OTHER LAWS AND REGULATIONS. — "(1) STATE AND LOCAL LAW AND REGULATIONS. — No State or local government shall adopt or have in effect any law, rule, regulation, ordinance, standard, or order that is inconsistent with the regulations promulgated under this section, except that the regulations promulgated under this section shall not be construed to preempt provisions of State criminal law which impose sanctions for reckless conduct leading to actual loss of life, injury, or damage to property, whether the provisions apply specifically to employees of an air carrier or foreign air carrier, or to the general public. "(2) OTHER REGULATIONS ISSUED BY ADMINISTRATOR. —Nothing in this section shall be construed to restrict the discretion of the Administrator to continue in force, amend, or further supplement any regulations issued before the date of enactment of this section that govern the use of alcohol and controlled substances by airmen, crewmembers, airport security screening contract personnel, air carrier employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as determined by the Administrator), or employees of the Federal Aviation Administration with responsibility for safety-sensitive functions. "(3) INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS. —In prescribing regulations under this section, the Administrator shall only establish requirements applicable to foreign air carriers that are consistent with the international obligations of the United States, and the Administrator shall take into consideration any applicable laws and regulations of foreign countries. The Secretary of State and the Secretary of Transportation, jointly, shall call on the member countries of the International Civil Aviation Organization to strengthen and enforce existing standards to prohibit the use, in violation of law or Federal regulation, of alcohol or a controlled substance by crew members in international civil aviation. "(f) DEFINITION.—For the purposes of this section, the term 'controlled substance' means any substance under section 102(6) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802(6)) specified by the Administrator.. (b) That portion of the table of contents of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 relating to title VI is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "Sec. 614. Alcohol and controlled substances testing, "(a) Testing program. "(b) Prohibition on service. "(c) Program for rehabilitation.