Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 108 Part 2.djvu/359

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PUBLIC LAW 103-272—JULY 5, 1994 108 STAT. 1075 (A) achieves the purposes of this chapter; (B) improves fuel efficiency (thereby facilitating conservation of petroleum and reducing petroleum imports); (C) has promoted employment in the United States related to automobile manufacturing; (D) has not caused unreasonable harm to the automobile manufacturing sector in the United States; and (E) has permitted manufacturers that have assembled passenger automobiles deemed to be manufactured domestically under section 32904(b)(1)(A) of this title thereafter to assemble in the United States passenger automobiles of the same model that have less than 75 percent of their value added in the United States or Canada, together with the reasons. (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall include the results of the examination under paragraph (1) of this subsection in each report submitted under subsection (a) of this section more than 180 days after an exemption has been granted under section 32904(b)(4) of this title, or submit the results of the examination directly to Congress before the report is submitted when circumstances warrant. § 32917. Standards for executive agency automobiles (a) DEFINITION.—In this section, "executive agency" has the same meaning given that term in section 105 of title 5. (b) FLEET AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY.— (1) The President shall President, prescribe regulations that require passenger automobiles leased Regulations, for at least 60 consecutive days or bought by executive agencies in a fiscal year to achieve a fleet average fuel economy (determined under paragraph (2) of this subsection) for that year of at least the greater of— (A) 18 miles a gallon; or (B) the applicable average fuel economy standard under section 32902(b) or (c) of this title for the model year that includes January 1 of that fiscal year. (2) Fleet average fuel economy is— (A) the total number of passenger automobiles leased for at least 60 consecutive days or bought by executive agencies in a fiscal year (except automobiles designed for combat-related missions, law enforcement work, or emergency rescue work); divided by (B) the sum of the fractions obtained by dividing the number of automobiles of each model leased or bought by the fuel economy of that model. §32918. Preemption (a) GENERAL. — When an average fuel economy standard prescribed under this chapter is in effect, a State or a political subdivision of a State may not adopt or enforce a law or regulation related to fuel economy standards or average fuel economy standards for automobiles covered by an average fuel economy standard under this chapter. (b) REQUIREMENTS MUST BE IDENTICAL. —When a requirement under section 32908 of this title is in effect, a State or a political subdivision of a State may adopt or enforce a law or regulation on disclosure of fuel economy or fuel operating costs for an automobile covered by section 32908 only if the law or regulation is identical to that requirement.