108 STAT. 788 PUBLIC LAW 103-272—JULY 5, 1994 (B) used in mass transportation in the United States but being produced with a major change in configuration or components. (10) "regulation" means any part of a statement of general or particular applicability of the Secretary of Transportation designed to carry out, interpret, or prescribe law or policy in carrying out this chapter. (11) "State" means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands. (12) "urban area" means an area that includes a municipality or other built-up place that the Secretary of Transportation, after considering local patterns and trends of urban growth, decides is appropriate for a local mass transportation system to serve individuals in the locality. (13) "urbanized area" means an area— (A) encompassing at least an urbanized area within a State that the Secretary of Commerce designates; and (B) designated an urbanized area within boundaries fixed by State and local officials and approved by the Secretary of Transportation. (b) AUTHORITY TO MODIFY "HANDICAPPED INDIVIDUAL".— The Secretary of Transportation by regulation may modify the definition of subsection (a)(5) of this section as it applies to section 5307(d)(1)(D) of this title. § 5303. Metropolitan planning (a) DEVELOPMENT REQUIREMENTS.— To carry out section 5301(a) of this title, metropolitan planning organizations designated under subsection (c) of this section, in cooperation with States, shall develop transportation plans and programs for State urbanized areas. The plans and programs for each area shall provide for developing transportation facilities (including pedestrian walkways and bicycle transportation facilities) that will function as an intermodal transportation system for the State, metropolitan area, and United States. The development process shall provide for consideration of all modes of transportation and shall be continuing, cooperative, and comprehensive to the degree appropriate, based on the complexity of the transportation problems. (b) PLAN AND PROGRAM FACTORS.—In developing plans and programs under this section and sections 5304^5306 of this title, each metropolitan planning organization at least shall consider the following factors: (1) preserving existing transportation facilities and, where practical, ways to meet transportation needs by using existing transportation facilities more efficiently. (2) the consistency of transportation planning with United States Government, State, and local energy conservation programs, goals, and objectives. (3) the need to relieve congestion and prevent congestion from occurring. (4) the likely effect of transportation policy decisions on land use and development and the consistency of transportation plans and programs with short- and long-term land use and development plans. (5) programming expenditures on transportation enhancement activities, as required under section 133 of title 23.