PUBLIC LAW 103-355—OCT. 13, 1994 108 STAT. 3381 "(C) specifically states that the award to that entity is required by such provision of law in contravention of the policy set forth in paragraph (1). "(3) For purposes of this subsection, a contract is a new contract unless the work provided for in the contract is a continuation of the work performed by the specified entity under a preceding contract. "(4) This subsection shall not apply with respect to any contract that calls upon the National Academy of Sciences to investigate, examine, or experiment upon any subject of science or art of significance to an executive agency and to report on such matters to the Congress or any agency of the Federed Government.". (2) Title III of such Act, as amended by section 6006, is further amended by adding at the end the following new section: "SEC. 316. MERIT -BASED AWARD OF GRANTS FOR RESEARCH AND 41 USC 266. DEVELOPMENT "(a) POLICY.— It is the policy of Congress that an executive agency should not be required by legislation to award a new grant for research, development, test, or evaluation to a non-Federal Government entity. It is further the policy of Congress that any program, project, or technology identified in legislation be awarded through merit-based selection procedures. "(b) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.— A provision of law may not be construed as requiring a new grant to be awarded to a specified non-Federal Government entity unless that provision of law— "(1) specifically refers to this subsection; "(2) specifically identifies the particular non-Federal Government entity involved; and "(3) specifically states that the award to that entity is required by such provision of law in contravention of the policy set forth in subsection (a). "(c) NEW GRANT DEFINED.— For purposes of this section, a grant is a new grant unless the work provided for in the grant is a continuation of the work performed by the specified entity under a preceding grant. "(d) INAPPLICABILITY TO CERTAIN GRANTS. — This section shall not apply with respect to any grant that calls upon the National Academy of Sciences to investigate, examine, or experiment upon any subject of science or art of significance to an executive agency and to report on such matters to Congress or any agency of the Federal Government.". SEC 7204. MAXIMUM PRACTICABLE OPPORTUNITIES FOR APPREN- TICES ON FEDERAL CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. It is the sense of the House of Representatives that— (1) contractors performing Federal construction contracts should, to the maximum extent practicable, give preference in the selection of subcontractors to subcontractors participating in apprenticeship programs registered with the Department of Labor or with a State apprenticeship agency recognized by such Department; and (2) contractors and subcontractors performing Federal construction contracts should provide maximum practicable opportunities for emplo5ment of apprentices who are participating in or who have completed such apprenticeship programs.