Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 110 Part 2.djvu/107

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PUBLIC LAW 104-132—APR. 24, 1996 110 STAT. 1281 (b) FUGITIVES.—Section 3184 of title 18, United States Code, is amended— (1) in the first sentence by inserting after "United States and any foreign government," the following: "or in cases arising under section 3181(b),"; (2) in the first sentence by inserting after "treaty or convention," the following: "or provided for under section 3181(b),"; and (3) in the third sentence by inserting after "treaty or convention," the following: "or under section 3181(b),". TITLE V—NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL WEAPONS RESTRICTIONS Subtitle A—Nuclear Materials SEC. 501. FINDINGS AND PUHPOSE. 18 USC 831 note. (a) FINDINGS. —The Congress finds that— (1) nuclear materials, including byproduct materials, can be used to create radioactive dispersal devices that are capable of causing serious bodily injury as well as substantial damage to property and to the environment; (2) the potential use of nuclear materials, including byproduct materials, enhances the threat posed by terrorist activities and thereby has a greater effect on the security interests of the United States; (3) due to the widespread hazards presented by the threat of nuclear contamination, as well as nuclear bombs, the United States has a strong interest in ensuring that persons who are engaged in the illegal acquisition and use of nuclear materials, including b3^roduct materials, are prosecuted for their offenses; (4) the threat that nuclear materials will be obtained and used by terrorist and other criminal organizations has increased substantially since the enactment in 1982 of the legislation that implemented the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, codified at section 831 of title 18, United States Code; (5) the successful efforts to obtain agreements from other countries to dismantle nuclear weapons have resulted in increased packaging and transportation of nuclear materials, thereby decreasing the security of such materials by increasing the opportunity for unlawful diversion and theft; (6) the trafficking in the relatively more common, commercially available, and usable nuclear and byproduct materials creates the potential for significant loss of life and environmental damage; (7) report trafficking incidents in the early 1990's suggest that the individuals involved in trafficking in these materials from Eurasia and Eastern Europe frequently conducted their black market sales of these materials within the Federal Republic of Germany, the Baltic States, the former Soviet Union, Central Europe, and to a lesser extent in the Middle European countries;