Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 110 Part 2.djvu/112

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110 STAT. 1286 PUBLIC LAW 104-132—APR. 24, 1996 Subtitle C—Chemical Weapons Restrictions SEC. 521. CHEMICAL WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION; STUDY OF FACILITY FOR TRAINING AND EVALUATION OF PERSON- NEL WHO RESPOND TO USE OF CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS IN URBAN AND SUBURBAN AREAS. (a) CHEMICAL WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION. — Chapter 113B of title 18, United States Code, relating to terrorism, is amended by inserting after section 2332b as added by section 702 of this Act the following new section:

    • § 2332c. Use of chemical weapons

"(a) PROHIBITED ACTS. — "(1) OFFENSE.— ^A person shall be punished under paragraph (2) if that person, without lawful authority, uses, or attempts or conspires to use, a chemical weapon against— "(A) a national of the United States while such national is outside of the United States; "(B) any person within the United States; or "(C) any property that is owned, leased,. or used by the United States or by any department or agency of the United States, whether the property is within or outside of the United States. "(2) PENALTIES.— ^A person who violates paragraph (1)— "(A) shall be imprisoned for any term of years or for life; or "(B) if death results from that violation, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life. "(b) DEFINITIONS. —As used in this section— "(1) the term 'national of the United States' has the same meaning as in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)); and "(2) the term 'chemical weapon' means any weapon that is designed or intended to cause widespread death or serious bodily injury through the release, dissemination, or impact of toxic or poisonous chemicals or precursors of toxic or poisonous chemicals. 50 USC 1522 (b) STUDY OF FACILITY FOR TRAINING AND EVALUATION OF note. PERSONNEL WHO RESPOND TO USE OF CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS IN URBAN AND SUBURBAN AREAS.— (1) FINDINGS. — The Congress finds that— (A) the threat of the use of chemical and biological weapons by Third World countries and by terrorist organizations has increased in recent years and is now a problem of worldwide significance; (B) the military and law enforcement agencies in the United States that are responsible for responding to the use of such weapons require additional testing, training, and evaluation facilities to ensure that the personnel of such agencies discharge their responsibilities effectively; and (C) a facility that recreates urban and suburban locations would provide an especially effective environment