110 STAT. 1321-111 PUBLIC LAW 104-134—APR. 26, 1996 (24) MINOR STUDENT.—The term "minor student" means an individual who— (A) is enrolled in a District of Columbia public school or a public charter school; and (B) is not beyond the age of compulsory school attendance, as prescribed in section 1 of article I, and section 1 of article II, of the Act of February 4, 1925 (sections 31-401 and 31-402, D.C. Code). (25) NONRESIDENT STUDENT.— The term "nonresident student" means— (A) an individual under the age of 18 who is enrolled in a District of Columbia public school or a public charter school, and does not have a parent residing in the District of Columbia; or (B) an individual who is age 18 or older and is enrolled in a District of Columbia public school or public charter school, and does not reside in the District of Columbia. (26) PARENT. —The term "parent" means a person who has custody of a child, and who— (A) is a natural parent of the child; (B) is a stepparent of the child; (C) has adopted the child; or (D) is appointed as a guardian for the child by a court of competent jurisdiction. (27) PETITION. — The term "petition" means a written application. (28) PROMOTION GATE.— The term "promotion gate" means the criteria, developed by the Superintendent and approved by the Board of Education, that are used to determine student promotion at different grade levels. Such criteria shall include student achievement on districtwide assessments established under subtitle C. (29) PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL. —The term "public charter school" means a publicly funded school in the District of Columbia that— (A) is established pursuant to subtitle B; and (B) except as provided under sections 2212(d)(5) and 2213(c)(5) is not a part of the District of Columbia public schools. (30) PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL BOARD.— The term "Public Charter School Board" means the Public Charter School Board established under section 2214. (31) SECONDARY SCHOOL.— The term "secondary school" means an institutional day or residential school that provides secondary education, as determined by District of Columbia law, except that such term does not include any education beyond grade 12. (32) STUDENT WITH SPECIAL NEEDS.— The term "student with special needs" means a student who is a child with a disability as provided in section 602(a)(1) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1401(a)(1)) or a student who is an individual with a disability as provided in section 7(8) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 706(8)). (33) SUPERINTENDENT.—The term "Superintendent" means the Superintendent of the District of Columbia public schools.