JAPAN, 1858. 451 But no fortification or place of military strength shall be erected under Bu i pretence of building dwelling or warehouses; and to see that this article tions-ud ng mgm.- IB observed, the Japanese authorities shall have the right to inspect from time to time, any buildings which are being erected, altered or repaired. The place which the Americans shalt occupy for their bniildings, and the harbour regulations, shall be arranged by the American Consul and the authorities of each place; and if they cannot agree, the matter shall be referred to and settled by the American Diplomatic Agent and the Japanese Government. No wall, fence, or gate shall be erected by the Japanese around the place of residence of the Americans, or anything done which may prevent a free egress and ingress to the same. _ From the (lst of January, 1862) first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, Americans shall be allowed to reside in the city of Yedo; and from the (lst of January, 1863,) iirst day of January. one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, in the city of Osaca, for the purposes of trade only. In each of these two cities a suitable place within .which they may hire houses, and the distance they may go, shall be arranged by the American Diplomatic Agent and the Government of Japan. Americans may ireely buy from Jap- Trade. anese and sell to them any articles that either may have for sale, without the intervention of any Japanese officers in such purchase or sale, or in making or receiving payment for the same; and all classes of Japanese may purchase, sell, keep, or use any articles sold to them by the Americans. The Japanese Government will cause this clause to be made public in every part of the Empire as soon as the ratilications of this treaty shall be exchanged. f lfunitions of war shall only be sold to the Japanese Government and WLM ¤i¤i¤¤ ¤ of oreigners. · N o rice or wheat shall be exported from Japan ascargo, but all Amer- Rico and when. icans resident in Japan, and ships, for their crews and passengers, shall be furnished with sudlcient supplies of the same. The Japanese Gov- 0,,,,,,,,, ernment will sell, from time to time at public auction, any surplus quantity of copper that may be produced. Americans residing in Japan Ja uw wv_ shall have the right to employ Japanese as servants or in any other ,,,,,,,_P° capacity. An·r1¤LE IV. Duties shall be paid to the Government of Japan on all goods landed _ D¤ti¤¤ p¤·y•bl<> in the country, and on all articles of Japanese production that are ex- m J“P"·“· ported as cargo, according to the tarid hereunto appended. [8* P- *5*] If the Japanese custom-house otllcers are dissatisfied with the value oggpmisement or placed on any goods by the owner, they may place a value thereon, and 8 6- ofer to take the goods at that valuation. If the owner refuses to accept the oder, he shall pay duty on such valuation. If the_olfer be accepted by the owner, the purchasemoney shall be paid to him without delay, and without any abatement or discount. Supplies for the use of the United States navy may be landed at Kane- S u p p 1 i e s for gawa, Hakodade, and Nagasaki, and stored in warehouses, nn the cus- gat; °* U'""°‘ tody of an officer of the American Government, without the payment of ' any duty. But, if any such supplies are sold in Japan, the purchaser shall pay the proper duty to the J apanesc authorities. _ The importation of opium is prohibited, and any American vessel Importation_ or coming to,Japan for the purposes of trade, having more than (3) three °Pl¤¤¤ P¤•¤¤bW•d· catties’ (four pounds avoirdupois) weight of opium on board, such surplus quantity shall be seized and destroyed by the J apauese authorities. All goods imported into Japan, and which have paid the duty fixed by this treaty, may be transported by the Japanese into any part ofbthe Empire without the payment of any tax, excise, or transit duty w atever.