Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/459

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452 PUBLIC TREATIES. D¤¤i¤¤q¤i¤=p¤rt¤ No higher duties shall be paid by Americans on goods imported into '" *”““"°“" '°" Japan than are fixed by this treaty, nor shall any higlfer duties be paid °°l° by Americans than are levied on the same description of goods if imported in Japanese vessels, or the vessels of any other nation. Anrrcnn V. Foreign coin. All foreign coin shall be current in Japan and pass for its corresponding weight of Japanese coin of the same description. Americans and Japanese may treely use foreign or Japanese coin, in making payment to each other. _ As some time will elapse before the Japanese will be acquainted with the value of foreign coin, the Japanese Government will, for the period of one year after the opening of each harbour, furnish the Americans with Japanese coin, in exchange for theirs, equal weights being given and no discount taken for recoinage._ Coins of all description (with the exception of Japanese copper coin) may be exported from Japan, and foreign gold and silver uncoined. Aurrcma VL Jurisdiction over Americans committing offences against Japanese shall be tried in °¤`°¤°°¤· American consular courts, and when guilty shall be punished according to American law. Japanese committingoifenoes against Americans shall be tried by the Japanese authorities and punished according to Japa- Aooess to courts. nese law. The consular courts shall be open to Japanese creditors, to enable them to recover their just claims against American citizens, and the Japanese courts shall in like manner be open to American citizens tor the recovery of their just claims against Japanese. Recovery or for- All claims for iorfeitures or penalties for violations of this treaty, or f9i¤¤¤‘¤¤ Mid i>¤¤¤¤- of the articles regulating trade which are appended hereunto, shall be "°“· sued for in the consular courts, and all recoveries shall be delivered to the Japanese authorities. _ Neither the American or Japanese Governments are to be held responsible for the payment of any debts contracted by their respective citizens or subjects. ARTICLE VII. Limits of resi- In the open harbours of Japan, Americans shall be free to go where d°“°°»‘°°··*** °P°¤ they please within the following limits: P""' At Kanagawa, the River Logo, (which empties into the Bay of Ycdo, between Kawasaki and Sinagawa,) and (10) ten ri in any other direction. At Hakodade, (10) ten ri in any direction. At Hiogo, (10) ten ri inany direction, that of Kioto excepted, which city shall not be approached nearer than (10) ten ri. The crews of vessels resorting to Hiogo shall not cross the River Enagawa, which empties into the bay between Hiogo and Osaea. The distances shall be measured inland from the Goyoso, or town hall, of each of the foregoing harbours, the ri being equal to (4,275) four thousand two hundred and seventy-tive yards, American measure. At N ngasaki, Americans may go into any part of the imperial domaill in its vicinity. The boundaries of N eee-gata, or the place that may be substituted for it, shall be settled by the American Diplomatic Agent and the Government of Japan. Americans who have been convicted of telony, or twice convicted of misdemeanours, shall not go more than (1) one Japanese ri inland from the places of their respective residences; Loss of right or and all persons so convicted shall lose their right of permanent resii»¤r¤¤=~¤<>¤¤ r•>=i— dence in Japan, and the Japanese authorities may require them t0 °°“°°· leave the country. Areasonable time shall be allowed to all such persons to settle their