Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/540

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NETHERLANDS, 1782. 533 NETHERLANDS. NETHERLANDS, 1782. TREATY OF AMITY AND COMMERCE WITH THE NETHERLANDS, CON. 00****6* 8: 1782- CLUDED AT THE HAGUE OCTOBER B, 1782 ; RATIFIED JANUARY 22, 1783. ’_";'—` Treaty of amity and commerce between their High Mightincsses the States General of the United Netherlands, and the United States of America, to wit: New-Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode-Island and Providence Plan— tationa, Oonnecticutt, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North-Carolina, South- Carolina, and Georgia. Their High Mightinesses the States General of the United Nether- .C°“““°**l“€P‘“‘ lands and the United States of America, to wit, New Hampshire, ms' Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticutt, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, desiring to ascertain, in a permanent and equitable manner, the rules to be observed relative to the commerce and correspondence which they intend to establish be~ tween their respective States, countries, and inhabitants, have judged that the said end cannot be better obtained than by establishing the most perfect equality and reciprocity for the basis of their agreement, and by avoiding all those burdensome preferences which are usually the sources of debate, embarrassment, and discontent; by leaving also each party at liberty to make, respecting commerce and navigation, such ulterior regulations as it shall find most convenient to itself; and by founding the advantages of commerce solely upon reciprocal utility and the just rules of free intercourse; reserving withal to each party the liberty of admitting at its pleasure other nations to a participation of the same advantages. On these principles their said High Mightinesses the States General N¤s¤¢i¤¤<>¤¤· of the United Netherlands have named for their Plenipotentiaries, from the midst of their assembly, Messieurs their Deputies for the Foreign Aifairs; and -the said United States of America, on their part, have furnished with full powers Mr. John Adams, late Commissioner of the United States of America at the Court of Versailles, heretofore Delegate in Congress from the State of Massachusetts Bay, and chief justice of the said State, who have agreed and concluded as follows, to witt: Anrrorn I. There shall be a firm, inviolahle, and universal peace and sincere shE°1‘:°°°““df"°“d‘ friendship between their High Mightinesses the Lords the States Gen- ' eral of the United Netherlands and the United States of America, and between the subjects and inhabitants of the said parties, and between the countries, islands, cities, and places situated under the jurisdiction of the said United Netherlands and the said United States of America, their subjects and inhabitants, of every degree, without exception of persons or places. Ancrrorn II. The subjects of the said States General of the United Netherlands Bu€j;; ’1:%°“t h°; shall pay in the ports, havens, roads, countries, islands, cities, or places 1,;,,,,,,,,],,,,,,,, ,,, ,,,0 of the United States of America, or any of them, no other nor greater United States. duties or imposts, of whatever nature or denomination they may be,