Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/565

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558 PUBLIC TREATIES. of those who reclaim them, to be sent to the ships to which they belonged or to others of the same nation. But 1f they be not sent back within two months, to be counted from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall be no more arrested for the same cause. Anrionn XXXIV. C*{¤¤¤l¤' °°¤· For the purpose of more eifectually protecting their commerce and "“°'°"' navigation, the two contracting parties do hereby agree to form, as soon hereafter as circumstances will permit, a consular convention, which shall declare specially the powers and immunities of the Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the respective parties. Anrronm XXXV. The United States of America and the Republic of New Granada, desiring to make as durable as possible the relations which are to be established between the two parties by virtue of this treaty, have declared solemnly, and do agree to the following points: Isthmus of Pau- 1st. For the better understanding of the preceding articles, it is and ¤”*°· has been stipulated between the high contracting parties, that the citizens, vessels, and merchandise of the United States shall enjoy in the ports of New Granada, including those of the part of the Granadian territory generally denominated Isthmus of Panama, from its southernmost extremity until the boundary of"Uosta Rica, all the exemptions, privileges, and immunities concerning commerce and navigation, which are now or may hereafter. be enjoyed by Granadian citizens, their vessels, and merchandise; and that this equality of favors shall be madeto extend to the passengers, correspondence, and merchandise of the United States, in their transit across the said territory, from one sea to the other. The Government of New Granada guarantees to the Government of the United States that the right of way or transit across the Isthmus of Panama upon any modes of communication that now exist, or that may be hereafter constructed, shall be open and free to the Government and citizens of the United States, and for the transportation of any articles of produce, manufactures, or merchandise, of lawful commerce, belonging to the citizens of the United States; that no other tolls or charges shall be levied or collected upon the citizens of the United States, or their said merchandise thus passing over any road or canal that may be made by the Government of New Granada, or by the authority of the same, than is, under like circumstances, levied upon and collected from the Granadian citizens; that any lawful produce. manufactures, or merchandise, belonging to citizens of the United States, thus passing from one sea to the other, in either direction, for the purpose of exportation to any other foreign country, shall not be liable to any import duties whatever; or, having paid such duties, they shall be entitled to drawback upon their exportation ; nor shall the citizens of the United States be liable to any duties, tolls, or charges of any kind, to which native citizens are not subjected for thus passing the said Isthmus. And, in order to secure to themselves the tranquil and constant enjoyment of these advantages, and as an especial compensation _ for the said advantages, and for the favors they have acquired by the v[S°3 ¢}*°'°l°° W: 4th, 5th, and 6th articles of this treaty, the United States guaranliw, ’“° '] positively and eliicaciously, to New Granada., by the present stipulati0¤, the perfect neutrality of the before-mentioned isthmus, with the view that the free transit from the one to the other sea may not be interrupted or embarrassed in any future time while this treaty exists; and, in consequence, the United States also guarantee, in the same manner, the rights of sovereignty and property which New Granada has and possesses over the said territory.